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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Taylor, F. W.
Apple growing,   pp. 43-52 PDF (2.8 MB)


Page 48


48          WISCONSIN FARMERS' INSTITUTE
the constitution. Indeed it is even
worse to remove the limb of a tree
than that of an animal because of
the recuperative power In the animal
through  its  circulation.  Nothing
should be cut off but the small limbs,
and that can be done almost any time
of year.
Mr. Kellogg-Supposing it was
necessary or expedient, however, to
cut off a limb as big as your arm.
when would you do it?
Prof. Taylor-As earW as you can
in the winter, I am inclined to think,
is as good as later.
Mr. Kellogg-Would you apply any
dressing?
Prof. Taylor-It it desirable to put
something on in the way of grafting
wax, or something which does not
have lead in it; no lead paint. It Is
desirable to cover It up, because it
hinders the decay which would other-
wise set in immediately.
A Member-How is shellac for cov-
ering?
Prof. Taylor-That is all right-
anything that will last a good while,
because you are apt to forget it next
year, and there is nothing to hinder
the place from rotting as soon as the
shellac or oil, or whatever it is, is
dried up. I am not sure that lead Is
injurious, but I have so often heard
the statement made that It was, that
I think perhaps It Is safer not to
use it.
A Member-Which is the best place
to plant an orchard, on a level piece
of land or on a slope, and which way;
is it best to have any hedge row of
trees around It?
Prof. Taylor-That brings up two
or three important questions-the lo-
cation of the orchard, windbreaks,
etc. I think that generally speaking
it is an accepted Idea, and my own ob-
servation bears it out, that level
ground is better than a southerly
slope, and that the best of all loca-
tions is one that slopes at least a lit-
t4 towards the Forth. The rwon
ro  mar is aparent    The injury
which comes to our trees is almost
invariably not from the severe freos-
Ing, but is the result of extreme varla-
tions in the temperature. Take a
day like this, when it is thawing con-
siderably in the sun, and last night
was pretty cold and tonight may also
be very cold. The south side of the
trunk of a tree is very likely to get a
good deal of the freezing and thaw-
Ing on the south side of the trunk,
and any location of the orchard or
any protection of the trunk which
will do away with that exposure to
the sun the middle of the day is ex-
tremely desirable.
Mr.   Kellogg-What     protection
would you give the tree, and when?
Prof. Taylor-Through the entire
winter some protection is very de-
sirable. The reason that the north
slope is better is because the direct
rays of the sun  are less liable to
strike the trees and as they get larger
they protect one another. The most
practical protection I have seen is to
take two thin boards, perhaps three
or four inches wide, nail them to-
gether, in the shape of a "V," and set
them up to the height of the first
limbs on the trees, maybe three or
three and a half or four feet on the
south side of the tree. Take a single
wire nail and drive It through one of
the boards, near the top Into the
tree; that will hold it, and it will be
absolute protection from the sun.
Many people make a lath screen to
reach around the tree, which answers
the double purpose of protection from
the sun and from mice or rabbits.
That is very nice, but it requires
more watchfulness for fear that It
may girdle the tree. I do not like
tarred paper or any sort of paper, be-
cause it makes a harbor for insects ir.
the winter, and It also shuts out the
air.
Mr. Hill-Tarred paper will kill a
tree if it is left on It durint the groWk
Ing seaou,
-I
1.i


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