Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Taylor, F. W.
Apple growing, pp. 43-52 PDF (2.8 MB)
DISCUSSION. 4 tfai varieties are very much addicted is, they turn red look as it they had to the blight, and I think that we been burned, appear jUst as they buw that our Russian varieties are would If in killng caterpillars you particularly subject to it In this applied the torch and it flashed up country. In Russia they do not seem and burned the leaves. to be, but there is a case of a variety Mr. Kellogg-It came on last year of trees which are quite hardy in In May. It doesn't often come in dry their own country, which Is further seasons, does it? north than this, which, when brought Prof Taylor-In my experience It here, have proved very weak In many seemed to me that It was much more respects They are not very good in likely to show itself in very hot quality, but leaving that out, one of weather, following heavy rains; when the respects In which the trees from there have been soaking rains and Russia and eastern Europe are weak- everything as wet as can be, and the eat Is in their being so extremely sub- sun comes out strong, It seemed to ject to this fir blight. I do not make it develop. know that there is anything that can Mr. Kellogg-Are there any Rus- be said to be a cure, or to even pal- sgn varieties free from blight in this liate it. The only thing that I know country? of that can be done, is to cut off and Prof. Taylor-Well, my experience burn all the blighted parts as fast as with Russian varieties has been so they appear, so that there may be no unsatisfactory that I hardly like to spores blowing from one tree to an- speak of It I planted quite a number other. In certain years It is very of them when they were first brought troublesome in the nursery, attacking to this country by the horticulturist certain varieties of our own American of the Iowa Station, some eighteen sorts, all the so-called Siberian crabs years ago, and those are all dead are affected with it, and the larger from the blight or worthless in qual- proportion of the Russian apples. As ity. I don't know of any of them the trees get older they seem to be which I should consider free from it, less subject, but to answer the ques- but I wouldn't care to make a state- tion as to whether there is any cure, ment that there were none of them I don't know of anything, except to so because my observation is rather cut out the affected parts as fast as limited with them. they appear. Do you know of any- Mr. Edwards-What time would thing else, Mr. Kellogg? you recommend trimming apple Mr. Kellogg-No, sir, and I don't trees' know that that will do It. Prof. Taylor-The best answer I Prof. Taylor-That is simply to cut ever heard to that question was one down the probability of infection, I once heard given when I was a boy, and It kills the spores that you get by an old gentleman. He said, at, but they are produced in such im- "Whenever you have a sharp knife." mense quantities, that a few hundred My impression is that when you millions, more or less, do not cut prune, when the limbs are small, as down the number very much. they ought to be, any time you have Mr. Kellogg-How can we tell the a sharp knife is the proper time to fire blight? do it, but It should be done at the Prof. Taylor-It comes along to- very earliest moment possible; that wards the latter part of the summer is, you ought not to cut off a limb as usually, and the leaves on the ends large as a man's arm, any more than of the new growth begin to look as if yon would amputate a limb from an theh bad been held over a fire; that animal, for It is just about a4 hard m '74ILf '7,7 -',' - -
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