Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Taylor, F. W.
Apple growing, pp. 43-52 PDF (2.8 MB)
WISCONSIN FPARMRS' NWITl hood In which they are now grown Thus It has come about that each ec. tion of the country Into which yol may go, each state in our own union, each natural division in almost an] other country have the same vazie ties of apples that have grown up in that immediate neighborhood, and which are suited to the conditions there, and it is to this feature of the growth and origin, and particularly of the development of the apple, that I wish to call your attention, and which I would emphasize. I know that this statement is squarely oppo- site to the generally received opinion, and I know just as well as you do down In your hearts, that it is true that the generally received opinions on many of these questions are not based on scientific or practical facts. You know, in your own experience, that there are many things which are taken for true that will not bear in- vestigation, and I am quite sure that this is one of them. A Xistaken Idea. Now, to be specific. There were in- troduced into this country and have been disseminated all over it at the time of which I speak, some fifteen years ago, a lot of varieties of apples which would, it was claimed, take the place of those which had proven not sufficiently hardy to go through the severe series of winters of which I have spoken. These were of two dif- ferent classes; they were those which were said to have been originated further north than this, and conse- quently would be very hardy here, and those which were brought from countries far distant from this, in- cluding eastern Europe. It was said of these apples, when they were brought here and introduced in Wis- consin, Minnesota, Iowa, and Illinois, and other western states that they had originated under conditions which would make them undoubtedly valuable here, and so they were planted, and over almost that entir territory in which they were planted there has been a vast amount of all- ure and loss, and a great deal of dl.- appointment. There has been brought about a belief with many people that there are no varieties of apples which may be successfully grown her It seems to me that more of that trouble than any other comes from having done this thing which is unseientlfe and Impractical, the bringing trees from some distant climatic and soil conditions and attempting to Intro- duce them to our own conditions with the expectation that they are go- ing to be a great success. Study Climatic Condition. Those of you who have grown any apples have no doubt observed the great failure of which I speak, and there is a proposition connected with this which I wish to make, and which I think will perikdp surprise you, but which, if you will study into It, you will find is true. It is this, that this commonly accepted Idea or be- lief that it you go to a certain dis- trict, say in the extreme north, and procure there certain varieties of plants, and take them along way south, that they will not only be hardy, but they will be much more hardy than if they stayed in ther own neighborhood. The point that I wish to make is this, that the oppo- site is as likely to be true, as tat; that in general you are as little likely to find that tree which is hardy in a certain locality is necessarily hardy five hundred miles south of that, as that It is hardy five hundred miles north. That tree which Is ex- acUqY adapted to stand the climatic conditions here will not be any more likely to stand the conditions In Ar- kansas or Kentucky or some other point five hundred miles south than to take it five hundred miles north, for hardiness is a comparative things hardiness in one locality does not in- 44
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