Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Taylor, F. W.
Apple growing, pp. 43-52 PDF (2.8 MB)
APPLE GlROWING. AFTERNOON SESSION. The Institute met at 1:30 P. M. H. A. Briggs in the chair. APPLEIGROWING. Prof. 1. W. TAYLWO, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Neb. Mr. Chairman-It seems to me in beginning a talk about apples and ap- ple trees that there are a few ques- toss upon which some Of us have wrong ideas, and that it would be weln to go back a little further than we usaly do to find out just why we run to certain classe or varieties that have been introduced through certain methods being used rather than others I have some ideas of my own upon this subject which I shall present to you as my own Ideas, not as necessarily being right, but simply as drawn from my own obser- servation. A Dearth of Apples-The Cause. It seems to me that all over this great cestral, north central, and western part of the United Sates we ought to grow bushels of apples, where we noW grow single ones, and the reason, which Is not a sucetenit one, but which is perhaps at the bot- tom of the whole question more than any other, Is that during a certaih period of years, some dozen or fteer years ago, there followed two or three seasons, one alter another, which re suited in the death of a large part 0' the orchards of the country, the In dividual trees suffering from varou conditions which surrounded them a that time. There tollowed thi series of years, another series, durinm which all sorts of trees were planted which were recommended for thel extreme hardiness as having orig naiad in countries swhere they groe tron-lads; and s that brings m round to begin with the question a - -P,. # Of-varieM nf apples: Lae ypusuuw vz --.- that Is, as to where the varieties come from that we are most likely to find of value 'through all this section of the country. An Indigenous Pruit. To take up the history of the apple, which is the most commonly growlr over a wide territory and which may be kept during practically the entire year which is true of scarcely any other fruit, this history has been something like this, as near as we are able to tell: From some Wild form, which no botanist has been able to certainly tell us, there have come the present sorts that we have. In each country into which you may travel you will ftid a different assortment of apples; you find, In fact, those di- visions which always go back of varieties, and there have often been ideas advanced that from certain sec- tions there could be transferred varieties which have grown up there and which might be taken long dis- tances to some other section and there find a home which In every way would be suited to them. The fact Is, as far as my observation has gone, that into whatever country you go, you find that the apples grown there have originated practically where they are now grown. This is not strictly true enough so that It may be said to be a fact which Is never other than true, but in a gen- eral sense the apples grown In any neighborhood are those which have originated not ftr from the neighbor- A. 42
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