Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
Coe, R. J.
Raspberries, pp. 37-42 PDF (1.7 MB)
-IT 'I * _ t; , ", P >, ~ .- ,- I I P ~ WXSCONSIN tA EU' IRSltU? and have the tlnemith cut It in two; he will object, but insist; then draw a fine straight, about halt an inel from the shank, and the same on the side, and when you have a hoe thai shape, have It sharp. When we gc into the field to hoe strawberries or any other fruit, we take a file with us, and four or five times a day that hoe is filed, so that it is kept as sharp as a knife. If there are any weedi there it will cut them off very easily, and it will slide through the soil very easily. We can get the weeds out and we can take off the strawberry blos- moms when we get ready to do so. I will state this on general principles, that any plant where the foliage is interfered with In the growing sea- oon, receives a very serious check, be- cause the roots of the plant take up fertility from the soil, and it goef from the roots through the stalk In- to the leaf, where It undergoes the chemical changes that make wood growth, the surplus moisture is evap- orated and the growth goes from there Into the plant, and when we take off a lot of foliage from any plant, It disturbs the balance between the top and the root growth, and our plant receives a very serious check. In the case of the raspberry I have seen it In dry seasons, when we have taken off quite a good deal of cane like this, that the plant will stand still for several days, and the leaves will turn quite yellow before it starts to make growth again. If you simply pinch out the tip, it does not make any check. Mr. Tobey-Do you ever practice pruning or cutting back red raspber- ries in the spring, and with what suc- cess? Mr. Coe-We have sometimes, but unless they have made more growth than we think they ought to have, we do not do It. Mr. Tobey-I will say that in the old country they practice that all the time on the red raspberry, and they claim that they get larger and better fruit. Mr. Kellogg-Tell us something more about the varieties Mr. Coe-The Cuthbert does weol with us, but It requires a little more care than some of the other varieties, because it wants to grow very late in the season. We cultivate during the picking time, just the same aI we do the Black Caps, to enable us to grow effective-fruit. Then we stop culti- vation. In the other varieties the Brandywine Uas given us good re- sults-not that it produces more ber- ries, but it produces nice berries, and a great many. Now, I suppose you would like to lead up to new varieties. There are two new ones that have been growing for a short time and give promise of very great value -one the Columbian and the other the Louden. They promise to be the most valuable varieties that we have, according to my opinion. The (o- lumblan is of the black cap type, and is the strongest grower of any- thing I have ever seen In the rasp- berry line. Mr. Reed-I want to emphatically object to what Mr. Coe says about the Columbian being a black cap type, It Is of a distinctively new speces; It has been given out as a cros and Is supposed to -be a true hybrid, which is supposed by many to be Imposaible. The Columbian and many others of the new berries are of the hybrid class. Mr. Kellogg-It is of the black eap type In that it does not sucker from the roots. Both the Shafer and the Columbian are of this type, and there Is no question about their being hy- brid. The red raspberries re all of the suckering varieties The Institute. adjourned to 1:3 o'clock P. IL 4* '7 ' - . I . . I "I ' " I 11 "11
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