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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Coe, R. J.
Raspberries,   pp. 37-42 PDF (1.7 MB)

Page 42

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and have the tlnemith cut It in two;
he will object, but insist; then draw
a fine straight, about halt an inel
from the shank, and the same on the
side, and when you have a hoe thai
shape, have It sharp. When we gc
into the field to hoe strawberries or
any other fruit, we take a file with
us, and four or five times a day that
hoe is filed, so that it is kept as sharp
as a knife. If there are any weedi
there it will cut them off very easily,
and it will slide through the soil very
easily. We can get the weeds out and
we can take off the strawberry blos-
moms when we get ready to do so. I
will state this on general principles,
that any plant where the foliage is
interfered with In the growing sea-
oon, receives a very serious check, be-
cause the roots of the plant take up
fertility from the soil, and it goef
from the roots through the stalk In-
to the leaf, where It undergoes the
chemical changes that make wood
growth, the surplus moisture is evap-
orated and the growth goes from
there Into the plant, and when we
take off a lot of foliage from any
plant, It disturbs the balance between
the top and the root growth, and our
plant receives a very serious check.
In the case of the raspberry I have
seen it In dry seasons, when we have
taken off quite a good deal of cane
like this, that the plant will stand
still for several days, and the leaves
will turn quite yellow before it starts
to make growth again. If you simply
pinch out the tip, it does not make
any check.
Mr. Tobey-Do you ever practice
pruning or cutting back red raspber-
ries in the spring, and with what suc-
Mr. Coe-We have sometimes, but
unless they have made more growth
than we think they ought to have, we
do not do It.
Mr. Tobey-I will say that in the
old country they practice that all the
time on the red raspberry, and they
claim that they get larger and better
Mr. Kellogg-Tell us something
more about the varieties
Mr. Coe-The Cuthbert does weol
with us, but It requires a little more
care than some of the other varieties,
because it wants to grow very late in
the season. We cultivate during the
picking time, just the same aI we do
the Black Caps, to enable us to grow
effective-fruit.  Then we stop culti-
vation. In the other varieties the
Brandywine Uas given us good re-
sults-not that it produces more ber-
ries, but it produces nice berries, and
a great many.
Now, I suppose you would like
to  lead  up    to  new   varieties.
There are two new ones that
have been growing for a short time
and give promise of very great value
-one the Columbian and the other
the Louden. They promise to be the
most valuable varieties that we have,
according to my opinion. The (o-
lumblan is of the black cap type,
and is the strongest grower of any-
thing I have ever seen In the rasp-
berry line.
Mr. Reed-I want to emphatically
object to what Mr. Coe says about the
Columbian being a black cap type, It
Is of a distinctively new speces; It
has been given out as a cros and Is
supposed to -be a true hybrid, which
is supposed by many to be Imposaible.
The Columbian and many others of
the new berries are of the hybrid
Mr. Kellogg-It is of the black eap
type In that it does not sucker from
the roots. Both the Shafer and the
Columbian are of this type, and there
Is no question about their being hy-
brid. The red raspberries re all of
the suckering varieties
The Institute. adjourned to 1:3
o'clock P. IL
'7   ' -                      . I        .  . I  "I '  "
11 "11

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