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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Fortieth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Beloit, Wis., November, 1911. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays and discussions relating to the dairy interests

James, W. D.
Building the dairy barn,   pp. 64-81 PDF (3.4 MB)

Page 65

Wisconsin Dairymen's Association.
A barn once built is not easily moved, or altered in size or shape;
hence it is important that it be carefully planned before building.
There are many points on which men differ in regard to barn con-
struction, and with this in mind, it is my purpose to give some general
information which may be of help to the prospective builder, and also
to give a number of cuts of barn plans which are considered conven-
lent, practical and up-to-date.
In planning the dairy barn, the important things to be considered
are cleanliness, cow comfort and cow health, and convenience in caring
for the cows.
The first great essential in the dairy barn is sanitation, and the
stable must be so constructed that it can be readily kept clean. The
one thing always to be kept in mind is the fact that the barn is a
place where human food is manufactured.
The first thing to be thought of in the erection of a barn is the site.
Location as to the points of the compass, so that a sheltered barn-
yard will be on the south side; the appearance from the highway; the
position of the surrounding buildings; and the location of trees and
hedges for windbreaks should detrmine this. Farm barns should
be arranged as compactly as possible to facilitate feeding and watering.
The barn should also be so located that the yard will have a natural
slope, or can be so graded that the surface water will run off. If the
yard is thus kept dry, it is an easy matter to remove the few droppings
that will be left daily.
A clean yard is of the greatest help in keeping the cows clean.
The next thing to be thought of is the size to build the barn, in order
to supply sufficient storage capacity. This caluculation should be based
upon the present and prospective size of the farm, the number of
acres in crops, the kind and number of head of stock and system of
The size of a barn is determined by certain measurements of stalls,
mangers, gutters and passageways that have been found by experience
to be the most practical. Following these measurements it has been
found that for the best and most practical results a barn should be 36
feet wide, and thus have room for two rows of cows.

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