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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Fortieth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Beloit, Wis., November, 1911. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays and discussions relating to the dairy interests

McDowell, J. C.
Soil management,   pp. 45-59 PDF (3.5 MB)

Rawl, B. H.
The work of the dairy division,   pp. 59-64 PDF (1.3 MB)

Page 59

Wisconsin Dairymen's Association.
A Member: Then such crops would be better on a clay soil?
Mr. MacDowell: It loosens up the clay soil, and gives sandy soil
greater power to hold moisture.
The Dairy Division of the Department of Agriculture was organized
In 1895, and consisted then of only four persons. The work has in-
creased until now the Division employs about one hundred persons.
Aside from what is termed administrative work, the Division is organ-
ized into four subdivisions or sections, devoted respectively to work
in dairy farming, dairy manufactories, market milk, and the research
laboratories. These four branches of the work will be described below.
All the work of the Division may be divided into three classes, as
follows: Research, educational, and police.
This work In the main organized by problems. For example, a prob-
lem in cheese making will require a chemist, a bacteriologist, and a
practical cheese maker. This makes a well balanced corps of workers
for a big problem, and each serves as a check for the others.
The research work that is in progress pertains to the production of
milk, the handling and delivery of milk as such to the consumer, and
the manufacture of milk Into various products. The research work in
production has been restricted, aside from the cooperative work at
Columbia, Missouri, to studies relative to barn ventilation, silo pres-
sure, types of dairy barns, silos, milk houses, etc. Many problems In
this line have not been taken up before because of the lack of a
dairy herd and a farm, which have recently been supplied.
Last year a farm was purchased at Beltsville, Maryland, about thirteen
miles from Washington, by the Bureau of Animal Industry. The Dairy
Division part of this farm contains about 200 acres of ground, all of
which is arable. The ground has been under cultivation possibly more
than a hundred years, and while it is in a wornout condition, it is
evident from the results so far obtained that with good handling the

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