Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Fortieth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Beloit, Wis., November, 1911. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays and discussions relating to the dairy interests
Woll, F. W.
The Wisconsin Cow Competition, pp. 19-26 PDF (1.8 MB)
20 Fortieth Annual Report of the for where the spirit of rivalry enters, as is unavoidable In a competition of this kind, each breeder will be likely to push his cows just as far as he considers safe and will give the cows entered in the competition the very best care that the conditions under which he is working will permit. This is human nature and no special fault can be found with breeders whose ambition leads them to surround the cows on the competition with the most favorable conditions for the largest dairy production of which they were capable. In one respect, however, we insisted from the start that there should be no letting down of bars; cows on the competition were required to be bred regularly and not later than five months from the last date of calving. In this way a fair regularity of breeding was insured and all records that will be considered in the award of prizes in the competition have, therefore, been obtained without sacrificing the future usefulness of the cows as members of the herd. It is known to most of you that this is a - decided step in advance, for nearly all the earlier large records of production were made by cows that were not bred until toward the end of the testing year, or not at all, with the result that they never came in calf again. The records thus made were, therefore, of no practical value to ordinary dairy farmers, for these must secure a regular flow of milk from their cows from year to year, and that can only be done by breeding them regularly and having them drop a calf about once a year so long as they are profitable members of the herd. The large majority of the breeders entering their cows in the competition succeeded in breeding their cows within the time limit stated. Of the 271 cows whose records have been completed at the time this was written, all but 49, or 18 per cent, were safely bred within five months from the date of last calving. The records of the 18 per cent will not under the rules governing the competition be considered in the award of the prizes. The total number of cows entered in the competition was 506, of which number 448 were pure bred cows and 58 grades. The different breeds were represented as follows: Guernseys, 193 cows; Jerseys, 102; and Holsteins, 211. These cows were owned by 56 different breeders, 21 Guernsey breeders having entered cows in the competition, 13 Jer- sey and 22 Holstein breeders. The participation in the competition was, therefore, limited to our three main dairy breeds and mostly to pure breds among these breeds. Much to our regret there Is only a small representation of grade cows, and no native cow or cows were entered. The reasons for the failure of a large majority of our dairy farmers who own only native or grade cows to take advantage of the Inducements offered in the competition were considered in my address before your association last February. They were very likely the I I II i 4: ..K il'
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