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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Thirty-second annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Platteville, Wis., February 10, 11 and 12, 1904. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays and discussions relating to the dairy interests

Goodrich, C. P.
The farmer's cow,   pp. 72-79 PDF (1.6 MB)

Page 75

Wilcowm   Darymds Inocpation.            76 
and the men-who will not milk cows, make the beef with cat- 
tle adapted to the work and they may make some profit at it; 
but as for me, I want to make a greater profit on the products 
of my farm, so I will have the cows that bend their whole en- 
ergies to turning food into milk. From this on, I went into 
improving my cows as best I could, in milk giving qualities, 
abandoning the idea of making any beef at all. 
I obtained a sire of a special-purpose dairy breed, and com- 
menced to grade up from the cows I then had. I took consid- 
erable pains to find out which of my cows were the best pro- 
ducors and disposed of a few of the poorest for whlat I could 
I raised the heifer calves from my best cows. When they, 
in turni, came to be cows, they were sorted out and the best 
kept. I was making improvement fast. But I had a aet- 
back. The old passioi for the general purpose cow overpow- 
ered me,, and I got a beefy bull from what was said to be an 
excellent milking family. My book shows that the use of him 
two years decreased the yearly amount of butter considerably. 
I then saw what I thought was a mistake and got another 
sire of the same dairy breed I had before used. After that 
I made steady improvernent, each generation being better than 
the preceding one, till after a few years, I thought I had about 
as profitable a herd of farmer's cows as anybody had. 
Certain it is, that they paid for many years, at least two 
dollars for each dollar's worth of feed they ate, besides pay- 
ing for the work of milking and caring for them. 
I ain afraid some of you may think that I overdrew it a 
little when I said that I found that the food that was turned 
into milk, brought twice as much as that turned into beef. 
But please consider a few facts. A good herd of dairy cows 
will produce an average of 300 pounds of butter in a year, 
which, if made up at the creamery, would return, at 20 cents 
a pound, $60.00, and the skim milk would more than pay for 
milking. In all the various "cow censuses" I have taken, I 
have found herds that have done more than that, and on $30.00 
worth of feed. Now, it is a pretty good beef animal that can 

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