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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Thirty-second annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Platteville, Wis., February 10, 11 and 12, 1904. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays and discussions relating to the dairy interests

Everett, C. H.
What forage shall the dairy farmer raise?,   pp. 63-71 PDF (1.8 MB)

Page 69

Wisconsin Dairymen's Association,          69 
}e so Miighty particular about what kind of soil it is, if it is 
rich enough to get a good start. Plow the land well, disc it 
twice, both ways, harrow it two or three timies, and then barrow 
it again. Then roll it, and if possible, have one of these corru- 
gated rollers made with gas pipe-the best roller on earth, and 
the only roller that will prevent the wind from blowing the soil 
off after it is rolled, leaving little ridges between. Then har- 
row it again. Then sow good seed. You will have to be very 
careful about that, seed is very high this spring, and there is a 
tremendous call for it. Sow thirty pounds of seed to the acre. 
Don't hold a cent up to your eye so you can't see a ten-dollar 
gold eagle behind itl likn't try to save a little money on that 
seed, bht sow thirty pounds to the acre. 
If you want to secure a little return for that ground the first 
year, my advice would be, sow barley and cut the barley for bay 
just as quick as it heads out, although I don't advise that very 
strongly. If you sow it, sow about a bushel. I shall sow fif- 
teen acres of alfalfa and I shall sow about a bushel of barley to 
the acre, but the great point is to get that alfalfa plant to make 
as deema root the first summer as you possibly can. Don't be 
fooled by the statement going the rounds that it is a good thing 
to cut it three or four tinmes the first summer in order to kill the 
weeds. The same process that would kill the weeds, will surely 
kill the alfalfa, and you want to get deep roots the first summer, 
fifteen inches to two feet, and have all the leaves you possibly 
can. The best system. I think, is to sow the alfalfa alone, go 
without any return for the first year; put on, if you can pos- 
sibly, about thirty bushels of lime to the acre. It is a greedy 
thing for lime. You have got a soil here that is chock full of 
lFmestone, but it is not quickly adaptable; it will pay you to 
put on thirty bushels of lime to the acre, right on the lime- 
stone. It will also pay you a great big return to put about fifty 
bushels of carbonate of potash, wood ashes, to the acre, and if 
you can't get that, send down to Armour or Swift & Company 
and get muriate of potash, and put on about two hundred 
pounds to the acre. It is greedy of potash. That is one rea- 
son why it thrives way out West on the alkali soil 

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