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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Thirty-second annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Platteville, Wis., February 10, 11 and 12, 1904. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays and discussions relating to the dairy interests

Hoard, W. D.
Address,   pp. 46-51 PDF (1.2 MB)

Page 46

46          Thirty-second Arnnual Report of LtA 
Ex-Gov. W. D. Hoard, Fort Atkinson. 
Mr. President, this whole dairy field has such a tremen- 
dously wide range that I will talk on just one thing, and that 
is the construction and ventilation of dairy barns. I have not 
been confined to any subject, and I think I can do as much 
good, may be, in that particulai field as any other. 
All over the United States, east of the Rocky mountains, the 
present year there is a widespread complaint of loss in the qual- 
ity of butter. It comes from some of the beat creameries; in 
fact, it is general. What do you think is the cause of it? 
Down here at West Salem they think they have traced it to the 
use of soft corn for feed. I doubt it somewhat, and I want to 
say that in my judgment it is due to the extreme severity of the 
winter and the exceedingly unhealthful conditions of the barns 
and stables. Stock buvers in my section tell me that they never 
have seen as foul smelling stables in their lives as they have 
seen this winter. It has been a long, protracted winter of low 
The dairy farmer has studied far enough on the proposition 
to learn this much, that he must keep his stable up to a certain 
degree of warmth, or the cows will not secrete milk. He knows 
that much, and so he shuts the stable up. The only way he can 
warm the stable is by the heat of the animals' bodies; in order 
to warm the stable to the proper degree, which must be from 
55 to 60, he shuts it up tight. The result of that is that those 
cows in that stable, throwing off about eight pounds of water 
every twenty-four hours, in their -breath, throwing off all that 
foul air and the gases engendered in their breath, with all the 
excrement and urine in the stable) become fairly saturated with 
the vileness of the stable. Now, do you think that the milk 
which they secrete can be of a flavor that will make fine butter I 
We are finding today in connection with the Hoard cream- 
eries we are finding it in vanous pl   all over the Union in 

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