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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Eleventh annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Elk-horn, Wis., January 31, and February 1 and 2, 1883. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays relating to the dairy interests

Roberts, I. P.
The past, present, and future of dairying,   pp. 70-79 PDF (2.1 MB)

Page 73

yearly value of all the dairy products of the United States 
equals, or perhaps exceeds, $300,000,000. 
The exports of dairy products in 1881 was, of butter, 
19,713,569, pounds, valued at $3,774,991, or 19 1-10 cents per 
pound; of cheese, 126,001,345 pounds, valued at $13,801,189, 
or 101-10 cents per pound. The total value of exports for 
1881 was $17,576,180. For the ten months ending October 31, 
1882, the exports of butter were but 6,321,433 pounds, valued 
at $1,258,922, being 19 9-10 cents per pound. During the 
same time the exports of cheese amounted to 95,558,557 
pounds, valued at $10,591,108, being 10 cents per pound. 
The following letter is appended, which will explain itself: 
U. 8. DarzRTxm  or AEIcuLTaz, 
Diviuion of Statistics, 
WAsmNGTox, D. C., January 4,1888. 
Sm:g-Arug the causes for falling off in exports of butter and cheese 
ii the reltve urgency of the home demand. The home market is our 
main reliance for oar farm products, and our dairy products are no excep-
tic.. Our butter is not wanted abroad, it is so poor; and for the better
qualities there i increuung competition from home buyers. The popula- 
tion is rahMly increasing, and in 1881 especially the supply was not abun-
dant.                                    Respectfully, 
L P. RoNmi, Ithaca, N. Y.          J. R. DODGE, 8tatistician. 
This gives approximately the condition of things as they 
exist to-day, as to milk and manufactured products, and we 
are justly proud of the results. Meantime what advance- 
ment has been made as to the number and producing ca- 
pacity of the cows. In the last thirty years the numbers 
have almost exactly doubled, reaching in 1880 twelve and 
one-half millions. 
In 1816 a cow is said to have produced 487 pounds of but- 
ter in 300 days, but in 1881 there were 33 Jersey cows alone 
having a well authenticated record of 13 pounds and up- 
wards each per week. The subjoined table appears to be 
well verified: 
Lbs. Oz. 
Eurcts, 4UK A. EL Darling .................... ....... 778  1 
rBell ESiluteat 7858, C O 0 m F..... .............. ls . ....... 705  0 
f   Pansy, 1019% Am Bartholomew ............... ........ 574  8 
Imp. Flora, 113, Thos. Motley ...........................   511  2 

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