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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Eleventh annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Elk-horn, Wis., January 31, and February 1 and 2, 1883. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays relating to the dairy interests

Smith, Hiram
How to make good dairy farms worth one hundred dollars per acre,   pp. 49-55 PDF (1.5 MB)

Page 55

Mr. Hiram Smith-I think it would be entirely immaterial 
whether I continued it one year or fifty years. I think the 
land would look out for itself with the manure placed upon 
it. It has been the experience of many who have been 
planting corn, especially since silos have come into use, 
that the land grows better and better. But my plan is to ro- 
tate; plant corn, then sod down; the fodder corn next; then 
seed down for hay. That is my usual way. If I had perma- 
nent meadow that could be sustained (and I know of no way 
that they can be), I would not care whether I changed my 
corn ground or not, but for the sake of the meadow whi'.h I 
must have, I go round and round one, or two, or three years, 
according to my needs. 
Mr. Lytle-You say you could raise corn for fifty years 
on the same piece. How would you keep the weeds out fifty 
Mr. H. Smith - Kill them. It is a very easy thing to kill 
weeds if you go at it right. If the land is ploughed, we will 
say between the first and the tenth of May, and harrowed 
well, and the weather becomes a little warm, the weeds will 
sprout, those nearest the surface. There will be two little 
spindling leaves starting from the seed weed. Some can be 
seen with the naked eye, and a great many you can not see. 
You take a couple of thorn bushes or a light harrow on a 
dry, warm day, and go over that field with a pair of horses, 
regardless of the rows, both ways. You destroy all the weeds 
then germinated, and they will never sprout again. You 
wait a week longer, and such weeds as were buried a little 
deeper will sprout a little, and you go over it again. The 
corn is not yet out of the ground, and if it is it will do it no 
harm, unless it is up three or four inches. If you destroy 
the weeds before you can see the rows, you have conquered 
the whole thing. You go through with the cultivator every 
week or ten days, stir the soil frequently, and you will have 
no weeds to bother you; that is my experience for the last 
three or four years. I never use a hoe in the field. 

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