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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Tenth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Sheboygan, Wis., January 11-13, 1882. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays relating to the dairy interests

Curtis, T. D.
Dairying in the northwest,   pp. 100-105 PDF (1.2 MB)

Page 103

DA=nxG In TEt Nowrmwmr. 
butter making, nor a butter cow to cheese making -and I am 
decidedly opposed to making both butter and cheese out of the 
same milk, if I have got to eat the cheese. 
The second method of securing a superior dairy herd is ohe 
rarely practioed in this country, but will become more common in 
the future. It is by selecting a male and female of as nearly a 
perfect type s possible, and possessing all the dairy qualities 
desired, and then breeding in and in until the type and qualities are 
fixed, and a new breed is established. This is the way in which 
all the noted English breeds have been established; while the 
Channel Island breeds (the Jerseys and Guernseys), and the cele- 
brated Dutch-Friesian (miscalled "Holstein ") cattle have been
established by a practice closely approximating this. I have it on 
the authority of Lewis F. Allen, author of "American Cattle," 
th Bakewell, the noted breeder of Long-horns, in all his career 
did not go out of his own herd for a male, save twice, and then did 
not go out of the family. Price, the great Hereford breeder, for 
forty years did not go out of his own herd for a male. The cele- 
brated Calling Brothers, breeders of Short-horns, closely inbred 
for thirty yeas, and Robert for thirty-eight years. Bates, the 
owner of the first Duchess (from whom was descended the cele- 
brated $40,000 cow, sold at New York Mills, a few- years ago, by 
Hon. Samuel Campbell), did not go out of the family for a male 
during fifty years. Others have followed in the same path, with 
succes, and thus have been originated the Devons, Herefords, 
Long-horns, Ayrshires, Highlands, Galloways, Alderneys and 
Dutoh-Frie ans. 
To these I may add the American Holderess, originated from 
a cow and her bull calf, by twenty-eight years of the closest kind 
of inbreeding, by Truman A. Cole, of Solaville, N. Y. They are 
black and white, marked with singular uniformity, and his herd of 
twenty cows, always including some heifers, have for years aver- 
aged three hundred pounds of choice butter per cow, beside a fifty 
dollar calf. There is profit in such a herd. I would advise an ex- 
amination of this herd by any of you who may visit central New 
York. Solsville is only twenty-three miles south of Utica, by rail, 
on a branch of the former New York and Oswego road, running 
from Utica to Hamilton, and now in the hands of the Delaware, 
Lackawans & Western Company. 

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