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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Tenth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Sheboygan, Wis., January 11-13, 1882. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays relating to the dairy interests

Henry, W. A.
Dairy experiments at the experimental farm, Madison, Wis.,   pp. 43-60 PDF (3.3 MB)

Page 46

ensilage into the silo and seal it up cost $1.68 per ton, about twice 
what it should have done. Yet such is the truth. 
When putting in the ensilage the weather was very hot and the 
cut corn fodder began to heat at once. Many of Uhe visitors pre- 
dicted a failure. Some said it would set our barn on fire, others 
that it would rot, and so on. All seemed to forget that with the 
plauk and weights on, the air could not get to it; and if the air were 
kept away, the material could not heat, no matter what the other 
conditions were. 
As to the feeding value of the ensilage, I can not now tell you. 
Upon opening the silo in November we found the contents well 
preserved, and our stockl soon learned to like it. Only experiments 
in feeding will give us the true facts in the case. To those who 
contemplate building silos, I would may, wait; do not hurry. If 
you are making money in the dairy business now, you can afford to 
go on as you are. If you are a poor, shiftless farmer, by all means 
let the silos alone. We are rapidly getting at cheaper methods of 
building silos, and better ensilage cutters are being made. You 
can afford to wait until these things have been settled, and then it 
is time enough to build. 
[The remainder of the lecture Prof. Henry devoted to as aecount of the 
other experiments on the University farm, and in order to give them com.
plete we copy directly from his "Report to the Board of Regents."-EDrroa.]
The contradictory opinions held by farmers in regard to the poi- 
sonous qualities of corn smut and the current reports of cattle dying 
from this cause, led to the experiment of I~ding it to two cows 
selected from the farm herd. Both cowns wer6 " natives" and about
eight years old. 'I he one which we will designate as the "Red Cow "
was farrow and was being fattened for the butcher. The " Black 
Cow " was giving about five quarts of milk per day. Both animals 
were in good health, and there had not been a sick animal of any 
kind on the faym, for a year. They were placed in comfortable 
quarters and allqwed two hours exercise during the middle of the 
day. Each was fed five pounds of bran morning and night and 
what meadow hay they wished to eat In addition to this, the Red 
cow received at noon each day, a peck of ears of corn chopped in 
small pieces. The smut used was saved by the men at husking time, 
and all fed previous to November 18 was carefully and laboriously 

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