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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Tenth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Sheboygan, Wis., January 11-13, 1882. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays relating to the dairy interests

Smith, Hiram
Necessity of a plan in dairying,   pp. 40-42 PDF (632.0 KB)

Page 42

WISCOxSIx DAmym's AssocxAnoxr. 
haphazard way of farming. Such knowledge becomes positive, and 
all positive knowledge can be communicated and all are benefited. 
The necessity of a plan is acknowledged and practiced at all ex- 
perimental stations, and results carefully recorded and compared 
with other plans. The value of any system of farming can only 
be determined by comparison with other systems, and both must be 
pursued from carefully devised plans. Therefore, who ever starts 
into dairy farming with the best plan he can form, each year add- 
ing amendments, is on the only road to success. 
There are two classes of dairy farmers; one clas pursues his work 
after the best formed plan he is able to devise, that has been 
altered and amended, as the experience of years has demonstrated 
to be advisable. He keeps on an average of one cow to four acres 
and less. His cows will average five thousand pounds per cow an- 
nually, if he takes his milk to a cheese or butter factory. His cows 
will net about $50 per cow. If he makes butter only, at home, the 
average will be about the same. If he makes skim cheese and 
butter, his net receipts will be increased to $60 to $70 per cow, pro- 
vided he has forty cows and over. 
The other clan of dairy farmers is much the larger class in this 
state. They have no definite plan. but keep what cows they hap- 
pen to have room for, among the colts and sheep usually; about one 
cow to eight or ten acres of land. Their average yield is about 
three thousand five hundred pounds of milk annually, and their net 
receipts not much above $35 per cow. This clmss of dairy farmers 
spend more time predicting that the dairy business will soon be 
overdone than they do in raising fodder corn, forgetting that the 
short life of a cow, and the great slaughter of them when beef is 
high, prevents any more increase than the increase of population; 
and i stead of being dazed by the fear of over-production, it will 
soon be a serious question whether we can produce as much as the 
market demands with even the present boundary of the market; and 
when the contemplated railroad is completed to Mexico and the 
one from Texas to Brazil, will then open up a larger market than 
the one we row supply. Wherever railroads penetrate they always 
create a demand for high priced butter and cheese. I have spoken 
of two classes of dairy farmers, the one pursuing a carefully con- 
sidered plan, the other pursuing the business in a hap-hazard way, 
with its hap-hazard results. Each dairyman can determine for him- 
self in which one of these classes he is at present located. 

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