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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Tenth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Sheboygan, Wis., January 11-13, 1882. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays relating to the dairy interests

Smith, Hiram
Necessity of a plan in dairying,   pp. 40-42 PDF (632.0 KB)

Page 41

N   aznssrr OF A PLAN iw DABIRYING. 
make ten poands of butter per day as it would to make thirty or 
forty pounds; that the expense of time and labor is about the same 
to take the milk of ten cows to a cheese factory as it is to take the 
milk of twenty-five or thirty cows. Therefore, any man that pre- 
tends to be in the dairy business at all and keeps less than twenty- 
five cows to the one hundred acres, suffers the loss of the net 
profits per cow of all he falls short of that number. No super- 
intendent of a manufacturing establishment could hold his place 
that expended the same amount of team and hand work to produce 
ten articles that would suffice for twenty-five articles. The chief 
expenses of dairy products consist in the investment for land, team 
and tools, a slight increase in the cost of the cows, and the cost of 
the labor of raising fodder. Corn would more than double the 
receipts and profits of three-quarters of the dairy farms in the state 
of Wisconsin. 
The necessity of a plan in dairy farming mainly consists in the 
fact that working up to a plan is the only method of making 
any intelligent permanent improvements. If any part of a plan 
proves beneficial it can be continued; if any part proves defective 
it can be discontinued and other measures substituted. And thus, 
year by year, knowledge can be accumulated which is often more 
valuable than capital. If a plan should be adopted of keeping 
twenty-five cows on one hundred acres, and that said cows should 
average five thousand pounds of milk per cow, the plan being fea- 
sible, should not be abandoned with thirty-five or forty acres of 
pasture. Twenty-five acres of meadow, six to eight acres of fodder 
corn, and a liberal supply of wheat middling or other ground feed - 
no danger need be apprehended from drouth or freshets -with a 
small piece of early fodder corn to draw on whenever short past- 
ures are threatened. Before the calamity actually occurs other feed 
must be supplemented at whatever cost, because the greatest cost 
to the dairy farmer is short pastures, and its consequent short 
supply of milk. Again, working up to a plan will soon convince 
the intelligent dairyman that winter dairying, almost anywhere in 
the northwest, will add not less than one quarter to his net profits. 
Dairymen that allow their cows to go dry three months or more are 
losing annually, on twenty-five cows, more than their town, county, 
state and national taxes. If two or more dairymen form plans that 
differ from each other, and carefully pursue them for a year, and 
then compare notes, knowledge accumulates more rapidly than any 

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