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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Tenth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Sheboygan, Wis., January 11-13, 1882. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays relating to the dairy interests

Sherman, H. D.
The progress and reputation of western butter,   pp. 34-38 PDF (1.0 MB)

Page 35

and in October it went to Illinois. In 1878 at the International 
Fair, our exhibition with eastern butter was favorable to us. I 
spoke of this last night; that our butter at this season of the year 
compares more favorably than that of the east, and there is a rea- 
son for it, especially in the month of November. 
We ought to make as good or better butter than they do east. 
They cannot afford to feed as we can; consequently we ought to 
make better butter. But the question has come up, if the whole 
of the Western States manufacture butter through this dairy 
belt, are we not going to flood the market? Have we not got 
to stop dairying and go at some other employment? We say to 
our people in Iowa, that if the time comes when somebody must 
stop dairying, it is natural to 3ome to the conclusion that people in 
the Eastern States mutt stop first; and why ? In Iowa our lands 
are worth $30 an acre. In New York they are worth $60. In Iowa 
our bay is worth at this season of the year $10 per ton, which is very 
high. In New York it is worth $20. In Iowa our corn is worth fifty 
cents a bushel, and in New York it is worth seventy and eighty cents. 
Oar labor is as cheap in the west as in the east. Our grasses are 
nutritious; our land will sustain as many cows per acre, it is safe to 
say, as any land in New York. Then in the west if our land is 
only worth half as much per acre, our feed costs us but half as 
much as it does in New York or Vermont. Then unless there is 
some other condition coming in to qualify, we are prepared to 
dairy even after Vermont, New York and Pennsylvania are com- 
pelled to stop. Then comes in the cost of transportation, the cost 
of marketing. In Iowa at many points it will not exceed thirty 
cents a hundred more to place our butter in the market than it 
would the average producer in the state of New York. I think I 
am safe in saying that the average in the state of New York will cost 
as much within thirty cents a hundred as it will cost to transport 
our produce. I know in some instances our butter goes to New 
York city and costs us less than it does in the western part of New 
York state; but I am not taking this bmis. I will allow them 
thirty cents a hundred. Now, then, it seems that this part of the 
country and from the northern part of Iowa, leaving, perhaps, one 
or two counties in Iowa, we are in a natural dairy belt; our grasses, 
our soils, our water, are all sufficient for the manufacture of the 
products of the dairy. Now, then, what is the system to be 

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