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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Tenth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Sheboygan, Wis., January 11-13, 1882. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays relating to the dairy interests
(1882)

Lawrence, George, Jr.
The advantages of winter over summer dairying,   pp. 25-33 PDF (1.8 MB)


Page 32

 
WIScowsIN DalRYXuN's AssoCAInoi. 
more land to pasture a cow, as we ordinarily do it, than to winter 
her seven months. It takes a little more labor to winter than to 
summer, but the profits are amply sufficient to cover all the costs 
of labor. Now, I have been gradually growing into winter dairy- 
ing. Last year I had about twelve new milch cows in November. 
In November my cows averaged $63, I think it was; somewhere 
about $63 net on the whole fifty-one or fifty-two cows. I only had 
twelve new milch cows in November, but it taught me very plainly 
that winter dairying paid a good deal the best. This last year, in Sep- 
tember and October, I had an addition of twenty-six or twenty-seven 
new milch cows. I make my estimates up the first of January. This 
year they averaged me $70 per cow for the fifty-four. I have added 
two cows to the farm and kept a strict account of every dollar's 
worth that has been sold, and all the receipts and the butter that 
was made, and it was a little over two hundred pounds of butter 
per cow on the average. Of course, I have cows that will make 
over three hundred pounds, but the average of the fifty-four cows 
produced a little over two hundred pounds per cow. If it would 
be any satisfaction I can read the figures; and I have said so much 
about it I will rea l them. Butter sold up to the first day of Janu- 
ary, during the year 1881, one party, $2,605.78; to other parties, 
$1,124.31. Most of this butter was sold to one party, and I have 
charged myself the amount consumed at home. We have weighed 
it frequently -ten pounds a week. We have a family of about 
fourteen. I have charged the avernge price received for that sold 
for what was used at home, amounting to $158. I received from 
the sale of, and made during the early part of 1881, *153; from the 
sale of calves, $?5; sold pigs in excess of the purchase of pigs, $94. 
I took in milk from ten cows of one of the neighbors, for which I 
paid $522. I subtract that from the total amount received, $4,678, 
and it leaves a receipt of $76.84 per cow. Taking out the cost of 
the tubs, bandage, salt, etc., and $200 paid the workmen, leaves 
net receipts, $3,487 and soma cents, netting the fifty-four cows 
which I have on my own farm, $73.43 per cow. That is the 
avernge of the whole lot; proving conclusively to me that it is $20 
better than I ever did in pursuing the old method of farming. I 
have heard of a few cows that in the old way have reached $50; 
they were extra good cows and well taken care of. It requires the 
very best management to get $50 net for a cow, with the prices we 
have had this last year. 
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