Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Tenth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Sheboygan, Wis., January 11-13, 1882. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays relating to the dairy interests
Lawrence, George, Jr.
The advantages of winter over summer dairying, pp. 25-33 PDF (1.8 MB)
WIScowsIN DalRYXuN's AssoCAInoi. more land to pasture a cow, as we ordinarily do it, than to winter her seven months. It takes a little more labor to winter than to summer, but the profits are amply sufficient to cover all the costs of labor. Now, I have been gradually growing into winter dairy- ing. Last year I had about twelve new milch cows in November. In November my cows averaged $63, I think it was; somewhere about $63 net on the whole fifty-one or fifty-two cows. I only had twelve new milch cows in November, but it taught me very plainly that winter dairying paid a good deal the best. This last year, in Sep- tember and October, I had an addition of twenty-six or twenty-seven new milch cows. I make my estimates up the first of January. This year they averaged me $70 per cow for the fifty-four. I have added two cows to the farm and kept a strict account of every dollar's worth that has been sold, and all the receipts and the butter that was made, and it was a little over two hundred pounds of butter per cow on the average. Of course, I have cows that will make over three hundred pounds, but the average of the fifty-four cows produced a little over two hundred pounds per cow. If it would be any satisfaction I can read the figures; and I have said so much about it I will rea l them. Butter sold up to the first day of Janu- ary, during the year 1881, one party, $2,605.78; to other parties, $1,124.31. Most of this butter was sold to one party, and I have charged myself the amount consumed at home. We have weighed it frequently -ten pounds a week. We have a family of about fourteen. I have charged the avernge price received for that sold for what was used at home, amounting to $158. I received from the sale of, and made during the early part of 1881, *153; from the sale of calves, $?5; sold pigs in excess of the purchase of pigs, $94. I took in milk from ten cows of one of the neighbors, for which I paid $522. I subtract that from the total amount received, $4,678, and it leaves a receipt of $76.84 per cow. Taking out the cost of the tubs, bandage, salt, etc., and $200 paid the workmen, leaves net receipts, $3,487 and soma cents, netting the fifty-four cows which I have on my own farm, $73.43 per cow. That is the avernge of the whole lot; proving conclusively to me that it is $20 better than I ever did in pursuing the old method of farming. I have heard of a few cows that in the old way have reached $50; they were extra good cows and well taken care of. It requires the very best management to get $50 net for a cow, with the prices we have had this last year. 32
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