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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Tenth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Sheboygan, Wis., January 11-13, 1882. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays relating to the dairy interests

Lawrence, George, Jr.
The advantages of winter over summer dairying,   pp. 25-33 PDF (1.8 MB)

Page 31

fifty-five, or, at this time of the year, the cows giving thirty-five 
pounds of milk a day, you get 81.40. Every man that is 
making cheese, as we have made cheese for the last few years 
in Sheboygan county, selling our largest amounts at the low- 
est prices, the cows coming in nearly all of them in April and May, 
some in March, and every man that has done so has lost on 
each cow $20, actual loss, because he did not obtain it by a differ- 
ent mode of dairying. Now, Shebovgan county is not large enough 
to affect the markets of the world. We shall never have the 
slightest effect upon the markets of the world, whether we all make 
full cream cheese or all make butter.  We may think we are quite 
a people, but even the state of Wisconsin could not affect the 
market, whether it continued to make cheese or stopped it entirely. 
Now, then, the question for us to decide is, whether winter dairy- 
ing is worth one-quarter more than the fashion we have pursued, 
that we inherited from our fathers and our grand fathers and great- 
grand-fathers, I know not how far back. We made scarcely any 
change until within a very few years. Now, then, shall we go on 
and lose $20 on each cow, or change according to the demands of 
the country? They are demanding fresh made butter in the winter, 
and as soon as men are educated to eat fifty cent butter and forty 
cent butter, they will eat it just as readily as they will eat oysters. 
They will eat it just as readily as a man in Iowa will exchange a 
bushel of corn for a pound of Vermont sweet corn. You cannot 
figure up any profit in this exchange, but they will pay for all the 
butter we will make in Wisconsin. 
The markets are poorly supplied with high priced butter. Those 
that are able to procure it, in such flush times as we have now, will 
buy all the butter that can be made. Now, figures have been 
called for, and figures sufficient for the argument have been pre- 
sented; for it easy to see that when you have a larger amount of 
milk when it is cheap, there is a loss. Now, cows will give as 
much milk in the winter as in the summer. There may not be 
quite so much water mixed with the milk, but in real fats and solids 
it will analyze as much as it will in summer. It don't matter 
whether the gross weight is forty-three pounds or forty-five pounds, 
the fats and the solids are all in there. It actually takes, as any 
reasonable man knows, more land to summer a cow five months 
than it does to winter her seven months.  It takes one-third 

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