Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Tenth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Sheboygan, Wis., January 11-13, 1882. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays relating to the dairy interests
Lawrence, George, Jr.
The advantages of winter over summer dairying, pp. 25-33 PDF (1.8 MB)
DISCUSSION. fifty-five, or, at this time of the year, the cows giving thirty-five pounds of milk a day, you get 81.40. Every man that is making cheese, as we have made cheese for the last few years in Sheboygan county, selling our largest amounts at the low- est prices, the cows coming in nearly all of them in April and May, some in March, and every man that has done so has lost on each cow $20, actual loss, because he did not obtain it by a differ- ent mode of dairying. Now, Shebovgan county is not large enough to affect the markets of the world. We shall never have the slightest effect upon the markets of the world, whether we all make full cream cheese or all make butter. We may think we are quite a people, but even the state of Wisconsin could not affect the market, whether it continued to make cheese or stopped it entirely. Now, then, the question for us to decide is, whether winter dairy- ing is worth one-quarter more than the fashion we have pursued, that we inherited from our fathers and our grand fathers and great- grand-fathers, I know not how far back. We made scarcely any change until within a very few years. Now, then, shall we go on and lose $20 on each cow, or change according to the demands of the country? They are demanding fresh made butter in the winter, and as soon as men are educated to eat fifty cent butter and forty cent butter, they will eat it just as readily as they will eat oysters. They will eat it just as readily as a man in Iowa will exchange a bushel of corn for a pound of Vermont sweet corn. You cannot figure up any profit in this exchange, but they will pay for all the butter we will make in Wisconsin. The markets are poorly supplied with high priced butter. Those that are able to procure it, in such flush times as we have now, will buy all the butter that can be made. Now, figures have been called for, and figures sufficient for the argument have been pre- sented; for it easy to see that when you have a larger amount of milk when it is cheap, there is a loss. Now, cows will give as much milk in the winter as in the summer. There may not be quite so much water mixed with the milk, but in real fats and solids it will analyze as much as it will in summer. It don't matter whether the gross weight is forty-three pounds or forty-five pounds, the fats and the solids are all in there. It actually takes, as any reasonable man knows, more land to summer a cow five months than it does to winter her seven months. It takes one-third 31
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