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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Tenth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Sheboygan, Wis., January 11-13, 1882. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays relating to the dairy interests

Lawrence, George, Jr.
The advantages of winter over summer dairying,   pp. 25-33 PDF (1.8 MB)

Page 26

ensilage, the profit of feeding ground feed, how to erect warm, 
commodious barns, how milk should be cared for, how butter must 
be made, and the most scientific manner of making and handling 
cheese You may write long articles about ventilation of curing 
rooms, and a system in everything you do, but to simmer the thing 
down fine, with all the technicalities, we must first of all have the 
man; he must first be born and bred a dairyman, educated in this 
line, be energetic and persevering (as it wors with our Iowa friends), 
especially when our own interests are depending. When this man 
is the right man we will find everything right; he will have the 
best head of cattle and know just how to feed them; he will know 
how to erect warm barns for their comfort, and he will know what 
profits him best. He is a man of figures, and he knows that winter 
milk is worth two to one of summer milk. 
We advocate winter dairying: 
First. It is more advantageous for the cow to come in in the fall 
than in the spring; the average farmer manages to carry his cows 
through the winter on hay alone, or as little feed as will possibly 
do, to bring her on grass in a passable condition in the spring. By 
this time factories are opened and commenced operations. The 
spring-milked cow does her best, but the flow of milk is not satis- 
factory, and as a rule she loses in condition, notwithstanding the 
extra feed, such as meal, bran, etc., she may be favored with, for 
grass is relaxing and a great change from dry hay. It is an undis- 
puted fact that it is very difficult to hold the conditions up in early 
spring, especially while giving milk and poorly wintered. As the 
season advances, the cow recuperates some as the grass matqres, 
but by this time flies are troublesome, another drawback, and the 
flow of milk is reduced; so when fall approaches, with dry and 
parched pastures, such as we often have, the farmer will resort to 
feeding such as green corn, ground feed, etc., to bring the How-of 
milk up to its standardonce more. Now, we claim this cow is past 
reclaiming, or, in other words, never can be brought back to her 
full flow of milk at this season of the year. It matters noA how 
good the food is, if we are feeding dry cows at this time of the year 
with green corn, after running dry for three months, as they should 
do, having this time for recuperation on grass, they are as a rule in 
good condition. Now the change is more gradual as the winter 
approaches The cow drops her calf any time from November 1st 

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