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Reynolds, Annie / The training of teachers for the country schools of Wisconsin
(1917)

The academic and vocational studies,   pp. 15-51 PDF (9.5 MB)


Page 20


   20 TRAINING OF TEACHERS FOR THE COUNTRY SCHOOL
   the members of the class are likely to be called upon continually to
   compare one day's work with another, to sum up the essential
   points in any unit of work, and to habitually show how new sub-
   ject matter Is connected with the old. An outline, however, should
   not be given undue prominence.  Students should be held for a
   full, free discussion of topics. If a socialized recitation is the reg-
   ular procedure, this danger will be obviated.
   f. Examination of texts and comparison with the Manual. (1)
   The beat of recent texts should be accessible. In connection with
   their study of the Manual, or preceding this study, students should
   study textbooks which they are likely to use In their country school
   teaching. These texts are unfortunately sometimes out of date ano
   also beyond the ability of the children studying them. The result
 of this study should lead to betterment of this condition, if it needs
 improvement. Here the cooperation of the county superintendent
 will be needed. Students should become well acquainted, through
 a careful examination, with a few of the best series of readers, lan-
 guage books, geographies, arithmeticls, etc., In order to have a
 standard to use as a basis for comparison. Training teachers should
 spend time enough in examining elementary texts so that they may
 help the students determine which are best adapted to the country
 pupils whom they are to teach. The books should embody the best
 recent Ideas on the teaching of elementary subjects.
   (2) Tests should be applied to texts. The questions which come
 to members of the state department as to suitable texts for country
 and city schools reveal the fact that no work is more urgently
 needed than the training of the judgment of our students throur
 having them examine and compare good texts. In this connection
 it is worth while to remember that the value of any text Is Increased
 greatly through a teacher's understanding It. See Manual, page 6,
 for tests of a good reader; page 41, for tests of a good language
 book. After studying these tests and applying them to a number of
 texts, students should formulate tests for a gpod text In history,
 geography, etc.*
 (3) Lists should be kept up-to-date. Lists of suitable texts should
 be made and kept for future consultation. This study will produce
 intelligent judges of school books. Any list will certainly need re-
 vision occasionally as new texts are published. The aim should be
 to include no books which fail to meet, more or less perfectly, pres-
 ent day demands. No text In any subject should be- chosen with-
 out careful examination of a number of texts from different pub-
 lishers.
 g. Need of drill. In the method work and in the academic teach-
 Ing students in training should be Impressed with the Idea of drill
 as essential In the development of both power and Interest. Our
schools today undoubtedly lack in this respect. The multiplication
  See Minnesota Course of Study page 224-227.


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