Reynolds, Annie / The training of teachers for the country schools of Wisconsin
The academic and vocational studies, pp. 15-51 PDF (9.5 MB)
20 TRAINING OF TEACHERS FOR THE COUNTRY SCHOOL the members of the class are likely to be called upon continually to compare one day's work with another, to sum up the essential points in any unit of work, and to habitually show how new sub- ject matter Is connected with the old. An outline, however, should not be given undue prominence. Students should be held for a full, free discussion of topics. If a socialized recitation is the reg- ular procedure, this danger will be obviated. f. Examination of texts and comparison with the Manual. (1) The beat of recent texts should be accessible. In connection with their study of the Manual, or preceding this study, students should study textbooks which they are likely to use In their country school teaching. These texts are unfortunately sometimes out of date ano also beyond the ability of the children studying them. The result of this study should lead to betterment of this condition, if it needs improvement. Here the cooperation of the county superintendent will be needed. Students should become well acquainted, through a careful examination, with a few of the best series of readers, lan- guage books, geographies, arithmeticls, etc., In order to have a standard to use as a basis for comparison. Training teachers should spend time enough in examining elementary texts so that they may help the students determine which are best adapted to the country pupils whom they are to teach. The books should embody the best recent Ideas on the teaching of elementary subjects. (2) Tests should be applied to texts. The questions which come to members of the state department as to suitable texts for country and city schools reveal the fact that no work is more urgently needed than the training of the judgment of our students throur having them examine and compare good texts. In this connection it is worth while to remember that the value of any text Is Increased greatly through a teacher's understanding It. See Manual, page 6, for tests of a good reader; page 41, for tests of a good language book. After studying these tests and applying them to a number of texts, students should formulate tests for a gpod text In history, geography, etc.* (3) Lists should be kept up-to-date. Lists of suitable texts should be made and kept for future consultation. This study will produce intelligent judges of school books. Any list will certainly need re- vision occasionally as new texts are published. The aim should be to include no books which fail to meet, more or less perfectly, pres- ent day demands. No text In any subject should be- chosen with- out careful examination of a number of texts from different pub- lishers. g. Need of drill. In the method work and in the academic teach- Ing students in training should be Impressed with the Idea of drill as essential In the development of both power and Interest. Our schools today undoubtedly lack in this respect. The multiplication See Minnesota Course of Study page 224-227.
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