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Reynolds, Annie / The training of teachers for the country schools of Wisconsin
(1917)

Present courses of study,   pp. 4-11 PDF (2.0 MB)


Page 6


4     TRAINING OF TEACHERS FOR THE COUNTRY SCHOOLS
   Since it is still diffcult in a few counties to secure enough teachers,
 two years of training makes it more certain that there wiln be a sur-
 h1cient number of teachers than if a longer preparation were demanded.
    (2) The three-year and four-year courses. A few county training
 schools offer a three-year course requiring a common school diploma
 as an entrance. Naturally, this three-year course will send out better
 prepared teachers than the two-year course.
   A beginning has been made In some county training schools with a
 four-year course. As such a course parallels the high school course,
 this is not likely to be a successful movement
   (3) All county training schools offer a one-year course for high school
 graduates. Recent legislation has favored an increase in the number
 of students taking this course, as since August 1, 1915, no high school
 graduates can teach in this state without having had a year of pro-
 fessional training.
   d. Preparation of students for these courses. One of the prob-
 lems before the teachers in county training schools is the fact that
 the students enrolled in the same class have frequently not had the
 same amount of training. The teachers in many instances must do
 -the best they can In two years for three classes of students: First,
 those with eight years of training; second, those with nine or ten
 years of training; third, high school graduates. Eighth grade gradu-
 ates are handicapped If they recite with students with ten years of
 training. Students with ten years of training are handicapped if they
 recite with high school graduates. Yet the county training school
 ,which admits these three classes of students must perforce put those
 -who have finished tenth grade work either with graduates from the
 eighth grade or with the high school gradua, as the number of
 teachers employed seldom permits the formation or three distinct sec-
 tions.
   e. The work of the junior year in the two-year course. The
work covered during the last year of the two-year course is, in general,
-provided for by law. It must be professional work, so the question Is
narrowed to this: What work should be offered during the junior
year? There are two answers: The school may offer regular ninth
'grade work such the students would get in- a state graded dr high
school, or the teachers may plan another course.
  (1) There are certain advantages to offering regular ninth grade
work. Many of the best trained people have long been at work. deter-
mining the content of high school education. Regular ninth grade
work is the secondary work which in the judgment of these experts is
best adapted to students who have completed the eighth grade.
  Many parents prefer to have their children stay at home long enough
to get the first of the two additional years required of all who plan to
teach, either In the local state graded school or the high schooL They
object to sending their immature young people away from home. The
training school can give credit for the first year work in high school


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