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Chittenden, Alfred K. (Alfred Knight), 1879-1930 / The taxation of forest lands in Wisconsin
(1911)

General description,   pp. 9-20 PDF (3.1 MB)


Page 13


THE TAXATION OF FOREST LANDs IN WISCONSIN.
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to 15 miles of the railroads. Besides the hemlock or hardwoods there
is considerable timber occurring as, a swamp type, consisting chiefly
of tamarack, spruce, cedar and balsam. Of these species only the tam-
arack is much used for lumber. The principal hardwood species are
yellow birch, sugar maple, basswood, white elm, and ash, named in
the order of their importance. Hemlock, however, outnumbers all
other species.
  Young growth on cut-over land is usually of slow-growing or in-
ferior species. Fire almost invariably runs through the lands, and
after the fire popple and bird cherry seed in abundantly. Cut-over
land almost invariably reverts to such popple growth. In the swamps
and undrained land there is frequently very promising reproduction
of tamarack which would be of value if protected from fire. Under
present circumstances, however, there are probably as many stands of
young fire-killed tamarack poles as thrifty growing trees. Cedar also
reproduces well in many of the swamps and seems to grow in the wetter
situations where fire is not such a damaging factor. Pine reproduction
is not at all common in Price county where yellow birch and bass-
wood seed in well. On the whole, however, cut-over lands are either
left bare and fire-stripped to come back to popple, or are culled and
left in possession of the defective trees, principally maple, good only
for cordwood. Probably no hardwood county shows worse effects from
forest fires than Price, and millions of feet are killed or injured from
this cause annually.
  Rusk county has excellent agricultural soil throughout and
will undoubtedly make one of the leading farming districts in the
northern part of the state. This county was originally heavily tim-
bered, but practically all of the white pine was cut out years ago.
The present standing timber consists of hemlock and hardwood in
mixture, the bulk of which is situated in the towns of Atlanta, True,
Lawrence, Hawkins and Marshall. The average stand is about 5,000
board feet to the acre, with an average value of about $5 per M. A
conservative estimate would place the amount of standing timber at
300,000,000 board feet. The cut this year, 1910, will be about
35,000,000 feet, and if this rate of cutting is continued, the remaining
timber in the county should last about nine years longer.
  Sawyer county, like Price, which borders it on the east, is a typical
hardwood county with a light loamy soil that becomes heavier in the
southern tier of towns. In the northwestern corner there is a very
sandy area characterized by jack pine, Norway pine and scrub oak.
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