I remember when, pp. 79-82
"They'd go into the forest and cut down the trees, then hitch the logs to horses and pull them out of the forest. Then they'd load the logs on to a wagon and haul them to the mill. If it was winter, they'd flood the road with ice and carve ruts in it and haul the logs by sleigh. Sometimes they'd float the logs down the river, but they could only do that with softwood the hardwood would sink." Harry Metzke Remembers From Marathon County Library Oral History Project. Interview with Harry Metzke by Pat Krause 1976 "My father worked for the R. Connor Company as an engineer in the heading mill to see that all the machinery was working all right. Of course, that thing burned down at one time. I can still recall the terrible fire they had when that heading mill burned down there. They used to call it Shanty Town - the south part of the town there. A lot of people lived there and they called it Shanty Town and they were all around this building. We had a twenty acre farm and we kept seven or eight cows. I used to haul the milk there after I got a little older and I was going to school. I used to haul the milk for ourselves there and all along Shanty Town where those houses were. The fellows worked in the mills and they'd have one or two cows and I picked up all their milk on a buggy - Schmidts, Bauers, Drexlers, Eisners, and Jake Drexlers - and haul the milk down where Ott Cheese Factory was- Where Equity is now in that building that was there - that used to be Ott's Cheese Factory. I hauled that milk down there before I went to school in the morning. Then when I graduated from high school I got a job - they called it the square shed. I piled squares in this shed. They were different lengths. They maybe were 2 by 2 - some 4 feet, some 6 feet, some 8 feet - and then that fall when the sawmill started, I got a job in the shed. We took lumber off from the chains and put it on carts which would run on rails. Now, that lumber was taken out into the yards and piled - green lumber. They had two fellows that had horses. They would go along what they called tramways. They were elevated platforms - not really a platform but they were built like a platform but they ran quite a distance. These fellows would take the horses, hitch them to these little cars - the rails were maybe 11/2 inches wide is all they were - but they were nailed down on these tramways and the horses would pull the lumber out in the yard and we had to pile the lumber then. I remember I was working in the shed first but I couldn't stand that account of my wrists - my wrists would get real stiff, so Albert was our boss there and he ran the lumber piling and stuff and I asked him if I couldn't go out and pile lumber. It was out in the cold winter but you didn't seem to mind it. You were dressed for it and I can never forget it. I piled lumber for about a week and then a lot of these fellows - transients - would come in - a lot of them from Minneapolis at that time - looking for jobs. They would give them a job and send them out to pile lumber. I got quite a kick out of that because I had only piled lumber for about a week myself but Albert would send all these new guys to me to teach them how to pile lumber and I had only been out there a week myself. The mill had a regular barn there and everything and they had a fellow that took care of the horses, fed them and bedded them and everything else. These fellows that used their horses on the tramway there, they had to clean them and curry them and stuff like that themselves. August Warnke was boss of the dry yard. They dried the lumber - they had a regular kiln there and they would dry the lumber and then ship it out to these different areas that they could use for building. This other stuff that we piled was green. We piled those on piles and then they would leave them there until about the next year or as they sold the lumber. They had a chance to dry. You had to pile them so there was air spaces in between so the air could get in and they dried them." Frank Hughes The following story appeared in the Wausau Record- Herald in 1935. "Frank Hughes came to this area in 1852 with his parents, the late Mr. and Mrs. Garret Hughes. They were the first settlers in what is now the Town of Cleveland. Their nearest neighbor was Timothy Kennedy. The timber in that section was mostly hardwood, for which there was no market in that early day. The early settlers found it necessary to burn the logs, a laborious task. Garrett Hughes brushed out a trail to his homestead. He cleared the land as rapidly as possible and started to grow some wheat to feed his household. There was no logging during the first years of their residence there, but soon afterwards, the John Weeks Lumber company of Ste- vens Point started logging operations and had camps along the Big Eau Pleine. This gave the Hughes family and other settlers an opportunity to sell hay, straw and beef for which there was a big demand. Frank stayed on the farm until he was sixteen years old, when he went to work on the river. Once, he made a trip on a raft to Alton, Ill. and the rest of the time, until he was past the age of fifty-three years, he drove logs on the Big Eau Pleine and the Wisconsin rivers. Log driving had its perils. Life was endangered often, but Mr. Hughes had only one companion drown. This was on the Big Eau Pleine while they were employed by the John Weeks Lumber Company. Peeled hemlock was easy to drive, whereas green logs with the bark entact were the hardest because they would jam easier and the logways were more difficult to release."
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