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Ross, James, 1830-1884 / Wisconsin and her resources for remunerating capital and supporting labor
(1871)

The log house,   pp. [17]-18 PDF (422.9 KB)


Personal examples,   pp. 18-19 PDF (469.5 KB)


Page 18


I8
cheaply, quickly, and at the same time more substantially than
in Shawano county. Our forest trees gently waving before the
breeze in summer, and braving the sleet and cold of winter, offer
at once the material for house, barn, sheds and fences. The im-
migrant bargains for his land, and then with his axe fells the
trees for his house-his neighbors gather, and with a cordial
welcome, roll up thelogs, and before night the house is complet-
ed, and the homeless emigrant, with scarce the outlay of a dol-
lar, has a good substantial home. His axe has split the "shakes"
from the durable straight-grained cedar, for the roof, and the
basswood, fashioned by the same tool, has made the floor. When
cold weather comes the house is made warm and comfortable by
filling all openings with mortar made of cut straw and clay. Such
is the house our county affords at once to the poor immigrant;
the materials are convenient and abundant, and need not cost a
dollar, his own work makes them ready, and the kind-hearted
neighbors put them together for him, and he is then ready to
commence the work of clearing his land.
                     PERSONAL IXAMPLES.
  Many and many an immigrant both from the Old World and
the Eastern States, move into the woods, throw up a little log
house without windows or doors, a few split stakes for a table,
blocks for chairs and hemlock or pine boughs for beds, and there
live while they are clearing their land for the first crop of wheat
or corn, and the history of our western country shows that thous-
ands of this class of immigrants have risen to wealth and power
-and even the county of Shawano, which is yet in its infancy,
can show many instances of the same character-alnong which
we might mention the following: Charles Sumulcht, of the
town of Hartland, in this county, came poor, and lived .for sev-
eral years in a log shanty. He now owns six hundred and forty
acres of land and has forty-five under the plow, and holds the
office of Register of Deeds and Town Treasurer. Eenry Lucke,
of the same town, came here quite poor and now owns five hun-
dred acres of land with forty-five acres under the plow, and fills
the offices of County Supervisor and Town Clerk. The Rtlaff
brothers of the town of Belle Plain, own large and handsoime


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