Ross, James, 1830-1884 / Wisconsin and her resources for remunerating capital and supporting labor
Wisconsin and her resources, pp. -16 PDF (2.7 MB)
12 on the West, Squirrel river, Spirit, New Wood, Big Rib, Big Eau Plaine and Little Eau Plaine rivers; on the east, Eagle, Pel- ican, Prairie, Trapp, Pine, Big Eau Claire and little Eau Claire rivers, all having an abundance of valuable water power. The inducements for settlement and investment of capital here are many, and such as must strike the investigator with a force irresistible. They can mainly be inferred from the foregoing, and are decidedly superior to those of the prairies west. The tiller of the soil has here the best of home markets for every particle of stuff raised on his farm, anA as it were at his very door. The pineries employ thousands of men in the woods, the& mills and on the rafts annually. Besides this advantage, he has that of having plenty of timber for fencing and other purposes, which is one that every practical farmer, especially if he has worked a prairie farm, knows the importance of considering, for, if he has only scant means, he need not expend any of them for timber, which on many farms usually entails a heavy expendi- ture that to the needy immigrant must be sometimes distressing. Besides the principal rivers enumerated in the above table, there are innumerable smaller streams and branches, watering almost the whole surface of the State; very few farms being with- out living water. The streams running into Lake Superior have the most rapid descent; those tributary to Lake Michigan and the Mississippi having more gentle and uniform slopes. Occa- sional rapids on the most of those streams afford opportunities for water power which are or may hereafter be used to propel mills and machinery of various kinds. The Wisconsin, below Portage City, has a descent of two-thirds of a foot per mile, runs at the rate of two miles an hour, and has an average dis- charge estimated at about 10,000 cubic feet per second. The Mississippi is navigable for steamboats along the whole border of the State; the Wolf and Fox rivers are also navigable by small steamboats, the latter having been artificially improved by the construction of locks and dams between Lake Winnebago and Green Bay for that purpose. Several other rivers are navigated down stream by rafts of lumber and logs. Wis- consin, Chippewa, Wolf and Black rivers are also navigable for steamers.
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