Wilbert, Carl F. / History of the town of Mequon
Town Government The framework of American government started originally with the Articles of Federation. This was abandoned and a complete newly formed plan was used. This was similar to the Constitution of the United States. This has been the basic pattern for this country ever since. The national government had certain powers which were set forth explicitly in the Constitution. In all other powers were delegated to the state or to the people. The states then created subordinate units of government to carry out state functions and to adminster local affairs. Thdse units are called counties, towns, villages, and special districts. In Wisconsin were normally created by individual laws. All units of local government in Wisconsin were handled by general laws which provide that when certain conditions are met, the local unit may be created by local action. Boundaries of towns were largely arbitrary, normally of a six mile square area. The governing body of a town was a chairman and two supervisors, elected at large annually first and later on every two years. Other elected officers were a clerk, treasurer, justice of the peace, assessor, and constable. The chairman represented the T2own on the County Board. Actual power was vested in citizens through their annual town meetings.
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