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Mitchel, Martin; Osborn, Joseph H. / Geographical and statistical history of the county of Winnebago ... to which is prefixed a general view of the state of Wisconsin, together with a census table from its first settlement to the present time.

Wisconsin,   pp. [7]-51 PDF (10.4 MB)

Page 16

16                   WISCONSIN.
CHIPPEWA-This county in the northern part of the State
is 91 miles long and 66 miles wide, a small part only has been
surveyed and brought into market. In this county is agricultural
land of an excellent quality, and one of the most valuable
 pineries in the State. Here is abundance of land subject
to entry, offering to the hardy woodsman the most inviting
prospects. There are several mills in constant operation; one
at Chippewa Falls which cuts daily about 60,000 feet and
employs 400 men to supply, manufacture, market the 
lumber, &c.
COLUMBIA-Is situated nearly in the center of the populated
part of the State, lies on the Wisconsin and Fox Rivers..
Nearly the whole of the county is rolling prairies; good soil,
well watered, but deficient in timber. Land all entered al-
most as soon as it was in market. County seat Portage City;
at this place the Wisconsin and Fox Rivers are two miles
apart, but connected by a canal. The La Crosse and Milwaukee 
and the Milwaukee and Watertown Railroads will soon
pass through this county. The Wisconsin Central Road has
its northern terminus at Portage. The population of this
county in 1850 was 9,565; in 1855 17,960; increase in five
years 8,395.
CRAWFORD-County formerly embraced all of the State
north of the Wisconsin River, but has been whittled and
shaved down to a small territory, lying in the angle made by
the Wisconsin and Kickapoo passing through its center. The
county seat is at the old military post "Prairie du Chien" a
beautiful location on the Mississippi River. The county is
well watered and an excellent soil; has a good pinery on the
Kickapoo. Abundance of lead and some copper have been
found with very little exploration. As the Milwaukee and
Mississippi Railroad approaches this, its western terminus, the
county advances rapidly. Much good government land can
yet be found here.
 *CLARK-County has recently been set off from Chippewa,
and has but few inhabitants but lumbermen; has a vast forest
of pine, and much good farming land which may yet be 
entered at government price. A flouring mill on Black River
at Weston's Rapids, where the road passes from Steven's
Point to Hudson.

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