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Mitchel, Martin; Osborn, Joseph H. / Geographical and statistical history of the county of Winnebago ... to which is prefixed a general view of the state of Wisconsin, together with a census table from its first settlement to the present time.

Wisconsin,   pp. [7]-51 PDF (10.4 MB)

Page 13

The increase of population, and progress in wealth and
improvements, of an agricultural district for a series of years.
is always the most reliable source of information, from which
to draw conclusions, and strike a just alliance between the
aggregates of advantages and disadvantages of a new country
with which we were not personally acquainted. To sup-
ply this source of information and make it as perfect as 
possible, with great care we have copied every enumeration
which can be found upon the official records of Wisconsin.
The reader will be able to judge for himself whether sterility,
dearth or disease have ever materially retarded the growth of
It will be remembered that all the enumerations prior to
1836 were made as part of Michigan Territory. Twenty
years ago, this beautiful State was almost an unbroken wilderness,
with less than twelve thousand inhabitants, scattered
upon its broad surface; and these mostly adventurers, seeking
the advantages of traffic with the Indians, and other fortunate
circumstances which might occur in the romantic scenes
of the almost unexplored regions of the "Great West."  In
less than twenty years the population becomes more than
half a million. Indian villages have given place to populous
cities; the Indian trail is buried under the track of the Rail-
road; the wigwam has made room for the stately farm house;
and for these successive years, the former limiting grounds
have been the broad wheat fields, whose exhaustless treasure
has supplied the necessities of the famishing East. From 1850
to 1855 the table shows an increase of about Two Hundred
and Fifty Thousand; the increased facilities for travel, a bet-
ter knowledge of the West, together with the unusual hard
seasons at the East, have all contributed to give a more rapid
increase to the population of Wisconsin for the past year, than
at any former period.

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