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Wisconsin and its opportunities : illustrated by photographs taken in northern Wisconsin

Shaw, Thos.
Dairying in northern Wisconsin,   pp. [26]-29 PDF (970.0 KB)

Page 29

Especially Adapted to Dairying
was gone, peas and oats sown for the
purpose would be in the blossoming
stage. Before this crop had become
too ripe for feeding, millet or corn or
the second growth of alfalfa or clover
would be ready. Before these crops
had been fed sorghum would be far
enough advanced for cutting and this
crop, with the autumn pastures, could
be made to carry the stock right into
the winter season, that is, until the
first snow had put upon the pastures
their winter covering.  Such a com-
plete succession of soiling foods can
be grown in but a few localities, and
all of these named are high in milk
producing qualities.
             FIELD ROOTS.
  The soil that produces the crops just
named is also well adapted to the pro-
duction of field roots. The tempera-
ture is not too warm in summer for
the growth of rutabagas, and the soil
in hardwood timber areas shows a
higher adaptability for such a purpose
than the vegetable soils of the prairie.
Mangles, carrots and sugar beets will
respond admirably to the efforts of
those who grow them properly. All
these are excellent for dairy cows, ex-
cept rutabagas, which taint the milk.
These, however, are good for young
cattle, and are no less helpful in grow-
ing swine.
  Shade in a dairy country is always
a factor of much importance. Animals
which have it rot when torrid suns are
shining down from a heated sky can-
not possibly produce so well as those
who have shade to adequately protect
them. Because of this the wise dairy-
man always tries to furnish pastures
well supplied with shade trees. The
shade trees may be had to any extent
in the region under consideration, un-
less the settlers are so supremely fool-
ish as to cut away all the trees in the
fields in which they Intend having
their abiding pastures.  Groves and
thickets may be retained in certain
portions, in which the shade will be
dense, or trees may be left in clumps
or individually as may be desired. And
if the settlers are only discerning and
wise enough to leave uncleared a rim
of the natural forest around their
dwellings on the windward side, they
will have perpetual protection around
those dwellings, which even the north
wind  cannot penetrate.  Generally,
however, the first thought of the set-
tler is to cut away everything that
obscures his view in the immediate
vicinity of his home, and then, long
years after, he sets to work to plant
trees to take the place of those which
he had been so eager to destroy.
  Reference has been made to the fre-
quency of the running streams. But
water is not hard to get from wells.
The distance to go is not far, and the
supply is plentiful  It is not alkaline,
or brackish, or bitter, but clear as that
which flows from the crystal streams.
  Dairy products, and indeed any prod-
uts, find ready sale to the North, East
and West. The demand comes from
the lumber camps, from Chicago, from
the cities beyond the lakes, and from
the great and growing cities on the
Minpesota border. In time the demand
from the lumber camps will cease, but
that from the East, South and West
will grow greater, especially for dairy-
ing and live stock products.

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