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Wisconsin and its opportunities : illustrated by photographs taken in northern Wisconsin
([1905?])

Shaw, Thos.
Dairying in northern Wisconsin,   pp. [26]-29 PDF (970.0 KB)


Page 27


Especially Adapted to Dairying
        GROWTH OF LEGUMES.
  The open prairie all up and down the
Mississippi basin has shown high adap-
tation in the production of carbonace-
ous foods. But in some areas, especial-
ly along its western border, it has not
been found so easy to grow protein
crops to balance the great preponder-
ence in the carbonaceous food ele-
ments. In other words, it is not easy
to furnish food leguminous In charac-
legumes and both can be used to great
advantage in dairying. Alfalfa has feed-
ing properties the same as clover. It
remains much longer in the soil favor-
able to its growth, produces two or
three crops per year, and is equally
adapted to the production of fodder
and soiling food to be fed summer and
winter respectively.
  Peas, which will not grow at their
best in the central states, because of
On the 'Burnt Over" Lands near Phillips
ter to make a balanced ration that can
be fed along with corn. In northern
Wisconsin this question is already set-
tled. The growth of clover is simply
phenomenal. The ease with which
clover can be grown, the certainty
with which a stand can be secured, the
extraordinary luxuriance of the clover
meadows and clover pastures, can
scarcely be credited by one who has
never visited the country. The reasons
for this remarkable growth of clover
are doubtless to be looked for in the
abundance of the elements found in
the soil which are essential to the plen-
tiful production of this legume. The
protecting snow of winter also still
further favors its growth, but these
are only an aid to, rather than the
cause of, its free growth.
  In the extraordinary growth of
clover in all its leading varieties, as,
for instance, the medium, the mam-
moth and the alsike, a guaranty is fur-
nished that alfalfa and peas are also
likely to grow abundantly. Both are
the midsummer suns, do grow admir-
ably in the moderate summer climate
of northern Wisconsin, tempered as it
is by proximity to the great lakes.
This has been proved by the crops
grown. But before they had ever been
tried, the assurance of success in the
growth of Canada field peas was fur-
nished in the timber of this region and
the climate amid which it grew.
  The seed of Canada field peas is now
largely drawn from Canada. Some day
it will be largely drawn from northern
Wisconsin, unless, Indeed, the crops
should all be required in feeding dairy
cows and other live stock.
       CROPS OF SMALL GRAIN.
  The forest trees speak of a soil well
adapted to small grains. The char-
acter of the soil was a guaranty of the
same, and so the settlers have found It
to be. Winter rye can be depended
upon any season when it has been
properly sown, either for pasture or
27
WP


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