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Brunson, Alfred, 1793-1882 / Northern Wiskonsan
(1843)

Communication from Mr. Brunson,   pp. [3]-16 PDF (2.3 MB)


Page 13


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in the space of 20 miles, would afford a great extent of water
power, if within the ceded territory. A portion of them, howev.
er, including about fifty feet of perpendicular fall, is inaccessible,
except at great expense, on account of the perpendicular char.
acter of the banks, the channel being cut through a high ridge
of rock.
  Tho Maskau (Swamp) river, commonly called Bad river, is
the next in size emptying into the Lake within this Territorv.
Its mouth is about 15 miles east of La Pointe; it is about 100
yards wide, within the bar and for five miles up and very deep.
But, except a narrow sand bank which runs alone the Lake shore
for some twenty miles, tho country for that distance and for five
miles up the river is one continued marsh or swamp: which
must forever be a draw back, if not an insuperable barrier to
its improvement, and especially as La Point, an excellent bar.
bor, of easy access and great safety is so near at hand.
  This river has two principal branches, both of which have a
succession of ikils and afford great water powers. Its banks
and adjoining country are well supplied with pine and other
timbers suitable for lumber, and its bottoms above the swampy
region, offerd great inducements to agricultural settlers.
  The other rivers, generally from three to ten miles apart, fur.
nish harbors for boats, and by the aid of piers would, most of
them, furnish harbors for vessels. There are none, however, over
ffty yards wide at their mouth, and most of them much less.
Those of them which rise in the dividing lands between the Lake
and the Mississippi having about three hundred feet to fall in
their short descent, furnish great water powers, and the adjoin.
ing country being well supplied with timber and a good soil,
they must at no distant day be employed to good advantage.
The mountain or speckled trout abound in all of them, and are
very large. I measured one taken ia the Brule which wras two.
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