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Brunson, Alfred, 1793-1882 / Northern Wiskonsan
(1843)

Communication from Mr. Brunson,   pp. [3]-16 PDF (2.3 MB)


Page 12


                              12
 which seems to have been originally the mouth of the river, forms
 a harbor, excelled by none in the world for safety, sufficient for
 a thousand sbips to ride at ease in the heaviest gale.
   The outer peninsula, composed entirely of sand, evidently
thrown up by the action of the Surf and winds from the Lake,
is about 12 miles long, ar.d from a quarter to a half a mile wide,
forming a bay within of the same length, and from one to three
miles wide. There are Pine trees upon this peninsula, appa.
rently 200 years old, indicating the existence of the land for a
considerably longer period. A gap through this peninsula, half
a mile wide, is now the mouth of the river ; which, at the time
I was tlhele, and owing to the extreme high waters the past sea.
son, had a channel 30 or more feet deep: hut in the Autumns of
dry seasons, it is said to only afford about eight feet water over
the bar usually thrown up by the surf of the Lake. But by the
aid of piers could be kept a, its greatest depth.
   On this peninsula, at the mouth of the river, is the best place
for a Fort on this frontier, which is now much needed, and
where, it is hoped, Government will soon build one. On the
opposite side of the bay, on the main land, the land is 20 or 30
feet above the water, covered with thick timber and underbrush,
somewhat broken and wet on its surface, but can be improved
into an excellent town site. This point is only about 150
miles from Mendota or St. Peters and the country between, is
said to be of the first quality for a road, being mostly Prairie and
Oak openings. A Railroad across the country at Lhis point,
would connect the heads of navigation on the great chain of
Lakcs, and the great Mississippi, and would run through a coun.
try second to none in the world in the same latitude, for beauty
of scenery, and for rich agricultural purposes, and farmers and
mecbanics, as well as miners, will no doubt soon find their way
into and settle the country.
  The talls of the St. Louis river, amounting to about 300 feet


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