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Brunson, Alfred, 1793-1882 / Northern Wiskonsan
(1843)

Communication from Mr. Brunson,   pp. [3]-16 PDF (2.3 MB)


Page 11


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  number of these swamps is not as great as I expected to find
  from the representations of the country I had seen. The
  truth is, one Tamerack swamp, of but limited extent, in ten or
  twenty miles travel, unimproved by bridges and causeways,
  would be sufficient to frighten any common traveller, Those
  accustomed to them, and the country, however, think but little
  of them.
  The country along the south shore of Lake Superior, as far
  as I have seen it; that is from Bad river to Fond du Lac, over
  100 miles, presents much the same appearance as did that on,
  the south shore of Lake Erie, when in its wilderness slate, ex.
  cept in the kind of timber, and the color of the soil and rock.-
  At the mouth of each river and in some places along the coast,
  Sand Beaches may be found. But the greatest portion of the
  coast is Iron bound, so called, having perpendicular rock and
clay banks from 30 to 50 feet high.
   At the mouth of each river is a sand bar, inside of which is
 more or less swamp or marsh extending, generally as far into
 the country as the back water of the Like sets. These rivers
 are numerous, though not large; not having over 50 miles of
 country in a direct line, to meander through. The length of
 them however, by their courses, is usually thr ee times as great
 as the direct line.
 The St. Louis river, is an exception to the above rule, and
 is the largest stream emptying into the south west portion of
 the Lake. By its course it is about 300 miles long: taking its
 rise in the North.West near the Rainy Lake. It will avarge,
 probably, 100 yards in width, for the first 70 miles above slack
 water, at the foot of the falls, and from that point to its mouth,
 22 miles, it gradually widens, and deepens, until in places the
 Bays are several miles across, having a channel sufficiently
 deep for vessels of the largest size. Two bays near the mouth,
separated by a narrow laud peninsula, the passsage through


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