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Brunson, Alfred, 1793-1882 / Northern Wiskonsan
(1843)

Communication from Mr. Brunson,   pp. [3]-16 PDF (2.3 MB)


Page 10


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  through a chain of some 20 small Lakes, on a level not exceed.
  ing 350 feet above the two great navigable watcrs, within a dis-
  tance of 250 miles, and through a more feasible country than
  the Ontonogan route.
    At the falls of the Chippewa river, and up that stream, Vir-
  gin Copper has been found; end the soil and rock formations
  indicate its existence from thence to Lake Superior a distance
  of about 150 miles, by the most direct rout, though probably at
  some depth below the surface. The strata of White Sandstone
  which shows itself at Prairie du Chien, and may be traced in
  the sides of the bluffs of the 5fissi'sippi and its branches, to
  their respective falls changes its color, after passing these falls,
  to that of redish brown; and continues to show itself in all
  parts of the country, on the sides and in the beds of the streams,
  till it breaks off in the iron bound shore of Lake Superior.
  From the falls of the Chippewa to the Lalke, by the road we
  opened and travelled, the conntry is generally rolling; has a
  good soil and thick timbered. Above the strata of red sand
  rock, just described, the soil is full of primitive boulder rocks,
  generally of a roundish or oval form, and varying in size from a
  pebble to that of a mill alone, of which good common mill stone
  could be made. Every stream, soon after leaving the highest
ground, cuts a bed throuh this strata of rock. and tumbles the
boulders from above, into its bed, where they form the usual and
most common obstructions to navigation.
   The timber, which in most places is very thick, with a thick.
under brush, is White and Yellow or Norway Pine, Oak, large
quantities of Sugar Maple, Soft Maple, Elm, Lynn, Aspen. Bal.
som Fir, Spruce, Red and White Cedar, some Hemlock, large
quantities of White Birch, some Black and Yellow Birch, &c.
But I saw no Beach, ChesnutfHickory, Poplar or Sasafras.-
Some Iron.wood, or Horn.bearn, is seen, and more Tamerack
in swamps, than the traveller desires to see or pass: tho' the
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