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Brunson, Alfred, 1793-1882 / Northern Wiskonsan
(1843)

Communication from Mr. Brunson,   pp. [3]-16 PDF (2.3 MB)


Page 8


nebngors, and during the prevalence of the late war between
them, icdiher tribe dare hunt upon that river, and the consequence
is, gamne has greatly increased. Elk, moose, deer, bear, Beaver,
&c. are plentier than in any other portion of the country. In.
deed, the only signs of Beaver we saw in 400 miles travel were
in ibis region.
  The Mount Trompe a leau river, is about ten yards wide
where we crossed it; and at that time, the water being high,
about four feet deep, with steep bogsgy banks.  It empties into
the Mississippi at Mount Troml)e a l'eau. The L'eau Claire will
average fifty yards for thirty or forty miles from its mouth, and'
has a tall, twenty miles up it, of 15 or twenty feet, caused ap.
parently by the same chain of rock forming the falls of other
rivers in its vicinity. It has immense forests of pine on its
north eastern banks, and up its eastern branches, but has not, as
yet, been improved for lumbering. because its waters are too shal.
low for that pprpose, except in time of freshets. It empties into
the Chippewa, about 50 miles from the Mississippi, by the course
of the river.
   The Chippewa is a noble stream, decidedly larger, in my
 opinion, than the Wiskonsan, and affords more water, has less
 Islands, and a better channel. It varies from 200 to 500 yards
 in width, from the falls to the mouth, 75 mile.; and can be nav.
 igated by small steam boats, except in the lowest stage of water
 or when frozen. The Eau Gallais and Red Cedar branches of
 this river, which come in from the north, the first 18 and the
 last 36 miles from its mouth, afford fine mill powers, and a good
 supply of pine timber, all which are well improved; yielding,
 probably 3,000,000, feet of lumber, and shingle, lath and hewn
 timber in proportion.
   The Chippewa falls about 24 feet in half a mile, and its wa-
 ter powers may be judged of from the volume of water which
 jasses over them. Al present there is but one mill with two


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