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Brunson, Alfred, 1793-1882 / Northern Wiskonsan
(1843)

Communication from Mr. Brunson,   pp. [3]-16 PDF (2.3 MB)


Page 7


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V'eau Claire branch of the Chippewa, and down its valley 35
miles, and crossing this river, about ten miles from its junc.
tion with the Chippewa; and the ridge which divides this stream
from its branch, we reached the falls of the Chippewa in about
75 miles from Black river.
  The country between the Black and Chippewa rivers is most.
ly Prairie on the route we travellcd. But on the north and
east of this route Pine forests extended beyond the reach of the
eye, from the highest ridges. The soil is generally sandy and
poor, though many excellent farm sites may be found, and wa.
ter power is almost without limits. The ridges are much nar.
rower than those south of Black river, but throw out into the
extensive plains which border upon the rivers, similar pictur.
esque knobs, mounds and peaks, from which the most charming
landscape views may be taken.
  It is singular and worthy of note, that on both the Black and
Chippewa rivers, after ascending them about thirty miles, the
general face of the country is some 300 feet lower than the bluffs
of the rivers, and the ridges which divide their waters. These
low lands as they may be called, though 200 feet above the rivers,
are generally level, or gently rolling, of a sandy soil, with but
little timber, and have the appearance of being once the bottoms
of large Lakes, formed by the rivers shut in by the Mississippi
bluffs from that noble stream, hut cutting their xi ay through the
bluffs, and a channel through their sandy bottoms, left the plains
as above described. If this was ever the case, the Lake formed
by the Chippewa, muqt have been some three hundred miles in
circumference, following its zigzag shore round the points of
ridges which now divide streams, and up the beds of those
streams to the high grounds from which they take their sources.
And that formed by Black river could not have been much less.
  Within this district of country, and near the L'eau Claire is
the old boundary line between the Chippewas, Sioux and W in.
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