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Brunson, Alfred, 1793-1882 / Northern Wiskonsan
(1843)

Communication from Mr. Brunson,   pp. [3]-16 PDF (2.3 MB)


Page 6


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 teresting forms. Scores of mounds, and peaks, with summits
 oval, spiral, or inclining and with more or less of perpendicu.
 lar sides, may be seen ; all of which show more or less of the
 lime, sand and quartz formations with which the whole country
 from the Wiskonsan to Black river abounds.
   Throughout this region of country there are large quantities
of quartz formations, so hard as to cut glass and so connected
with flint as to form the best materials for burr mill stones. A
gentleman of fifteen years experience in mills, told me he 'bever
saw better blocks come from France.
  Black River Falls, are about 50 miles from its junetion with the
Mississippi, and with a little improvement at its mouth, this rivet
would be navigable to the falls for small steam boats. At the
falls it is about 100 yards wide, but will probably average 200
from thence to its mouth. These falls are 22 feet, in the dis-
tance of 100 yards; and appear to be covered by a chain of
primitive and sand stone rock, running from south east to north
west: and to appearance is the same chain as that which cros.
oes Neenah river at the Kaukaulau-the Wiskonsan at the dells
and the Chippewa, St. Croix and Mississippi at their respective
falls.
   Several branches of this river empty into it below the falls,
on which mills have been erected, as well as at the falls; from
a11 which about 3,000,000 feet of sawed lumber, and Shingles,
Lath, and hewed timber in proportion are annually taken down
the Mississippi to market. But its immense pine forests cannot,
even at this rate, be exhausted for ages yet to come.
  FrQm Black river falls, our course was up a valley of open
timber and Prairie land, about eight miles to a gap in the ridge
which divides the Black and Mount Trompe a l'eau rivers;-
thence through a level Prairie and open timber country in the
valley of the latter stream for 20 miles. We then crossed the
ridge, at easy ascent and descent, dividing the latter from the


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