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Brunson, Alfred, 1793-1882 / Northern Wiskonsan
(1843)

Communication from Mr. Brunson,   pp. [3]-16 PDF (2.3 MB)


Page 5


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full of(oeep ravincs formed by the numerous springs with which
the countr. a       1oura!s, and the rivulets which run from them.
These rivulets AtL)rd abundance of water power; and the springs
being so strong as to prevint much freezing; mills, when erected
ther(on will seldom be obstructed by ice. They abound with
speckled or mountain trout, especially those running into the
Wi~konsan. and the bottomin lands upon their banks often spread
out so wide tialt excellent farm sites can easilv be obtained.
  The! idgaes art on a general level, about 5UO feet above the
Mississippi, ani spurs from the main ridgc divide the waters of
the smaller, as well as the larger streams, the tops of which often
spread out into excellent form sites; and the whole face of tho
country bears strong evidence of the existence of mineral, and
some fine specimens of copper and lead have been found. And
near Black river fialls we saw several natural mounds, from 100
to 300) feet highi, apparently composed entirely of iron stone ore,
and none of therm to exceed five miles from cne ot the best water
powers in the world.
  The soil on this high ground is rich; it has a good supply of
timber principally oak ; and is well supplied with beautiful, rich,
rolling prairie. For the first thirty miles from this place they
are small, for the next fifty milbs they spread out, in places, be.
vond the reach of the eye. There is, however, a sufficiency of
timber for agricultural purposes. Near to Black river the coua.
try spreads out into large plains, on the water courses, and be.
tween tbe ridges, of pine forests. tamerack swamps, and cranber-
ry marshes; the soil of which is sandy and poor.
  The scenery from these hi A ridges is the most picturesque
imaginable. Natural columns, pillars, towers, mounds, and
the appearance of ancient castles, are frequently seen by the
curious traveller, varying in height from twenty to one hundred
feet. Near to Black river, the spurs of the ridges are thrown
out into the plains just described. in the most singular and in.
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