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Northern Wisconsin Agricultural and Mechanical Association / Transactions of the Northern Wisconsin Agricultural and Mechanical Association, including a full report of the industrial convention held at Neenah, Wisconsin, February, 1886. Together with proceedings of the Association for 1884, to January 1, '86
Vol. XI (1886)

Bright, C. M.
Taxation,   pp. 273-306 PDF (6.8 MB)


Page 280


280   TRANSACTIONS OF THE NORTHERN WISCONSIN
azines contains an article descriptive of this industry, and
very significantly says of it that the profits are very large
in Russia, as the owners enjoy a protective tariff of six cents
a gallon on kerosene. This tax does not come out of the
American producer. It is simply a tribute of six cents a
gallon on all the korosene burned in Russia, levied for the
benefit of a corporation in favor with the powers that be.
Even an American protectionist will be able to see the injus-
tice of that tariff.
American tobacco farmers are just now clammoring for
increased protection against Summatra tobacco. If they
succeed in their demands, the only thing they will be likely
to accomplish is to make Summatra tobacco cost our cigar
manufacturers more, and it may increase the price of
domestic tobacco, which will also come out of the manufac-
turers, or out of the consumer; and if the consumer stands
it he will do it by smoking poorer cigars. A tariff that
encourages one interest must perforce discourage some
other interest.
The lumber industry is one of the protected "infants" of
the country. The millions of acres of pine, once the prop-
erty of all the people, and for which the government should
have received the stumpage value, was gobbled up and next
to nothing paid for it. A protective tariff of two dollars a
thousand was secured to keep Canadian lumber out of the
states. Net result: a tribute paid by whoever uses pine to
those who produced it, a horde of wealthy men made by it,
and numerous successful aspirants from their ranks to seats
in congress, whither they go to vote protective tariffs on all
interests represented by other congressmen who will agree
not to reduce the tariff on pine lumber. The favor of pro-
tection is not bestowed upon worthy objects, if there are any
worthy of it, but upon such as command trading votes in
congress. Had there been as many wool growers as pine
and iron barons in congress, the tariff on wool would have
been increased instead of diminished.
The tariff question will be re-opened in congress this
winter. There is but one possible good that can come of it.
The more the question is talked about the more the people


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