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Northern Wisconsin Agricultural and Mechanical Association / Transactions of the Northern Wisconsin Agricultural and Mechanical Association, including a full report of the industrial convention held at Neenah, Wisconsin, February, 1886. Together with proceedings of the Association for 1884, to January 1, '86
Vol. XI (1886)

Huntley, D.
Corn, cows and clover,   pp. 233-244 PDF (2.4 MB)


Page 234


2:34  TRANSACTIONS OF THE NORTHERN WISCONSIN
Clover is the only crop grown which takes so much from
the atmosphere and so little from the soil; bringing up from
the sub-soil below, just what the corn crop, which is to fol-
low it needs. And when plowed under, even after the hay
has been taken off at the rate of three or four tons to the
acre including first and second crop, the land is in excellent
tilth, and seems in better condition than before the large
crop of clover had been taken from the land. I remember a
statement of George Geddes in the New York Tribune, which
said, " on a certain piece of land handed down to him from his
ancestors, had been grown more than one hundred crops in
as many years, and was still growing them, on which there
had never been any manure and these crops were univer-
sally large, the fertility had been kept up by constant plow-
ing under of clover." This would seem to disprove my first
proposition, but such is not the fact. Clover roots have been
known to penetrate the sub-soil to the depth of six or eight
feet and further, bringing up two or three new farms from
below and constantly drawing from the atmosphere. So I
say, I would always seed with clover when sowing any of
the smaller grains, to be immediately followed with plaster,
thereby insuring a good stand or catch, and a strong growth.
And right here it might not be amiss to give my method of
cutting and saving clover. Cut while in the blossom after
the dew is off, and put in cock the same day opening and
drawing in, the next day, or cutting in afternoon when the
weather is fine, and drawing in, the next day. I should also
use this clover crop, to cut to feed in mangers in the morn-
ing before turning the cows to pasture. Soiling in connec-
tion with pasture I think any one will find profitable. I
know some object to this on account of the labor; but if the
labor pavs, that is all that is necessary to know. The cir-
cumstances of the farmer and the season will govern or
modify the feeding to a great extent, no cast iron rules can
be laid down for all to follow. But it is positively certain
that more feed can be grown and used in soiling, than in
pasture-often twice or three times as much, especially with
sowed corn.
This brings me back to the first factor- corn. How to


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