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Ho-nee-um trail in the fall

[Printed script of introduction and fall tour],   pp. 14-29

Page 15

A short bus ride can take a class of school children 
from any part of the surrounding area to this parking 
lot and the beginning of an easy-to-follow nature trail. 
    At school beforehand and in the parking lot 
    before the tour begins, a review of tour manners 
    might be helpful. Some possible rules might be: 
       1. Stay behind guide or teacher. 
       2. Walk quietly. 
       3. Use eyes and ears. 
       4. Do not pick plants or disturb the animals. 
       5. Do not drop litter. 
In the clearing, next to the parking lot, stands a large 
rock delivered to this spot by a glacier - a grinding, 
bulldozing river of ice which moved over this part of 
Wisconsin from the north thousands of years ago. 
Since that time Indian tribes have come and gone 
from this place; pioneer farmers have used the land; 
a city has grown to within a hundred feet. 
   The large rock is visible to a class passing 
   through the trees and into the park area. The 
   trail begins here. This rock gives an indication 
   that the Madison area was glaciated. The most 
   recent glacial advance in this area ended about 
   20,000 years ago. This glacier greatly affected 
   our present landscape for it created our famous 
   lakes, including Lake Wingra, leveled off some 
   of the hills and deposited soil and rocks. 
   The last glacier moved from the northeast 
   as far as the Madison area. Southwest of Madison 
   (Dodgeville, etc.) the land forms are those 
   of an unglaciated area. 
Carved letters on the rock spell HO-NE E-UM, the 
Winnebago Indian word for a refuge or sanctuary. 
This is the name of the pond and the land near it 
which have now truly become a refuge or safe place 
for the plants and animals which live there. 
    See "Winnebago Indians of the Four Lakes 
    Area." (Section I B of this guide) 

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