Ho-nee-um trail in the fall
Kline, Virginia; Brown, Charles E.
[Indian legends and stories about Ho-nee-um Pond], pp. 2-6
THE ARBORETUM SPRINGS Source: (See "The Springs of Lake Wingra"l by Charles E. Brown in the Wisconsin History Magazine, March 1927, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 298-301.) The Winnebago Indian name for Lake Wingra was Ki-chunk-och-he-er-rah meaning the "place where the turtle comes up." * These Indians have a belief that springs are places through which animals enter into the spirit world- hence a former custom of casting offerings of tobacco, stone and bone imple- ments and other articles into the springs to obtain the "blessings" of these animals. Springs were tribal property and their use was generally well-regulated. To defile a spring by casting camp refuse into it or to misuse it in other ways was certain to bring severe punishment upon the offender's head. Bathing in springs whose waters were in use for household or drinking purposes was strictly forbidden. The name Wingra, or Weengra as it appears on some early maps, means duck. It is a name also obtained from the Winnebago Indians, who formerly inhabited its shores. The Springs Lake Wingra, up to a few years ago, had upon its shores a greater number of fine large springs than any other of the upper Madison lakes. About four or five of these original fifteen springs are now out of existence, due to improve- ments made on the city shores of the lake. Too, the number and size of these Lake Wingra springs was no doubt largely responsible for the former location of six different villages and a number of camp sites and the large number of prebistoric Indian mounds (150) on its shores. Some of these springs were very near to the Indian trails formerly passing through this region and none very far from them. The Indians appreciated the abundance of clear fresh water. * Oliver Lemere, Winnebago Indian, 1925 6
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