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Northrop, E. B.; Chittenden, H. A., Jr. (ed.) / The Wisconsin lumberman, devoted to the lumbering interests of the northwest
(July, 1874)

"Looking pine" in Wisconsin,   pp. 352-354 PDF (944.1 KB)


Page 353


The Wiscosin Lumberman.
the line, these trees are marked on
each side and the blaze denotes the
direction of the line as they are
marked according to the compass,
either east and west, or north and
south, and are of equal height on
each side of the tree.
Arriving at the desired corner, the
party make a supply depot; and leave
all extra supplies, taking only enough
to last them four or five days, one
pound of flour, one of salt pork, and
1i oz. of tea is considered a day's
supply for each man. Of course this
supply and the quality are varied to
suit circumstances and location. Our
description applies to the profes-
sional land lookers, those who go
into the vast timbered sections of
nothern Wisconsin and spend weeks
and months at a time, looking up
lands. These men lead a laborious
lonesome life, separated from their
home and civilization for a long time
and compelled to work rain or shine,
during the heats of summer or the
cold snows of winter, when on their
snow-shoes they travel the vast
forests guided only by the little
packed compass. Yet sickness is
almost unknown to them, and for the
true qualities of manhood they
compare with any man or class of
men.
When their supply depot is estab-
lished the actual work of looking
commences. They start out on some
desired line and when night comes
they select a desirable camping
ground, near some stream, build a
fire, stir up their flour, put it in the
ashes to bake, cook ther pork, boil
their tea and supper is ready, and
an appetite is never wanted to do it
justice. A few leaves are scraped to-
gether, or a few green boughs cut
and piled up, the blanket spread and
the couch of the tired land looker is
ready for him. At an early hour he
is astir, and
"Who would not rather take his seat
Beneath these clumps of trees,
The early d=wn of day to greet,
And c te healthy breeze,
Than on the silken couch of sloth
Luxurious to lie ?"
When the land looker finds a piece
of pine he seeks a section corner or
a quarter post and then sub-divides
the piece into forty acre lots accord-
ing to government survey. The land
is divided by pacing, and the profes-
sional will pace around a section and
point out every post and corner
with accuracy, varying only a few
feet. Five hundred paces make
eighty rods, and one hundred and
twenty-five, twenty rods. There are
several ways of looking over a
"forty" and making an estimate of
the timber. One is called circling and
is done by three men, one paces off
forty rods or to the centre of the
forty on one side and then starts on
a line for the opposite side, while
the other men; one on each side
circle towards the opposite, keeping
about twenty rods apart in the- cen-
tre. The following diagram will il-
lustrate this manner of circling:
This method as will be seen allows
the men to look at nearly every foot
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