Turcheneske, John Anthony / The Ku Klux Klan in northwestern Wisconsin
Chapter 1: introduction , pp. 1-21 PDF (8.0 MB)
Herman L.. Ekern denied the Klan's application for incorporationo Several important reasons were given for this. For one thing, the Klan's constitution was so arranged that control of the Wisconsin branch would come under Klan officials in Georgia. This was contrary to the Wisconsin Statutes in that corporations of a non-stock issuing nature were to be controlled from Wisconsin. Also, the first Klan constitution was illegal in that Wisconsin members would, in effect, be denied a voice in the organization' s business.4 However, the Klan was successful in a latter attempt at incorporation. On November 27, 1925, with the acceptance of its constitution by Secretary of State Fred R.. Zimmerman, the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan became a legal corporation in the State of Wisconsin.5 Article Six stipulated that an applicant for membership must be white male Gentile person, a native born citizen of the United Stateb of America who owes no allegiance of any nature whatever to any 3Ekern to Zimmerman, April 20, 1925, Wynan Papers, Box 10.. 41bide. 5Letter Of John W. Reynolds to Walker D. Wyman, January 26, 1960, Wyman Papers, Box 10. See also the original cover sheet to the Klan's Articles of Incorporation as signed by Secretary of State Zimmerman. The cover sheet is dated November 27, 1925. Of additional interest is that a Ray C. Twining, a Iilwaukee attorney, was on of the three individuals who affixed their signatures to the Articles.. Twining wolild later be involved in the Klan tent burning affair near Hudson. See Chapter Six for details.
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