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McLeod, Donald / History of Wiskonsan, from its first discovery to the present period, including a geological and topographical description of the territory with a correct catalogue of all its plants
(1846)

Chapter XIV,   pp. 235-254 PDF (3.3 MB)


Page 247


              HISTORY OF WISKONSAN.               247
  This may be classed among the most fertile farming
counties in the territory, with the exception of fifteen
miles of heavy timbered land on the north, towards
Milwaukie. This county is unequally divided into
Prairie and oak openings. A branch of the Grand
prairie of Illinois terminates in rear of the timbered
district of this country.
  Racine, a flourishing town at the mouth of Root
river, is the seat of Justice for this county. It is
twenty-five miles south of Milwaukie, and ten miles
north of Southport. It is pleasantly situated, on an
elevated plain, fifty feet above the level of the lake,
and nearlv at the southern part of the heavy timbered
land. At the head of the navigation of Root river, a
few miles above its mouth, there are several rapids,
running over beds of limestone. These afford great
water-power and opportunities for manufacturing on a
large scale. A harbor at this place would be of incal-
culable service to the shipping on the lakes, and to the
commerce of the territory. Captain Cram, under the
direction of the Engineer department, made a survey
for one at the point where Root river enters the lake,
together with an estimate of the expense of construct-
ing it. He reports that, -from the depth and width of
  the river, and the natural facilities it offers, a basin,
  sufficiently secure and capacious, could be constructed
  to shelter all the shipping on the lake, at a trifling ex-
  pense." And besides, the river is navigable, for near-
  ly three miles beyond the site of the contemplated
  basin, for vessels of any burden.
     From the encouragement thus held forth, the citi-
  zens continued to petition Congress, for several ses-
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