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McLeod, Donald / History of Wiskonsan, from its first discovery to the present period, including a geological and topographical description of the territory with a correct catalogue of all its plants

Chapter XII,   pp. 214-231 PDF (3.0 MB)

Page 228

  228           HISTORY OP WISKOksAM.
  can be seen at a distance of twenty miles. The east-
  ern one is the highest, being a thousand feet above the
  Wiskonsan river, In the first settling of that part of
  the country, they served as land marks to direct the
  traveller in his course through the trackless prairies.
  The one in Dane county is one thousand feet above
  the Wiskonsan, the circumference at the base being
  nine miles. It has a number of fine, living springs of
  water on the top. There is a spring on the extreme
  ridge, that can be turned either way, to run down its
  sides, with little trouble. Its summit is covered with
  heavy timber, consisting of black walnut, oak, and a
  variety of other growths. There is a cultivated field
  of forty acres on the top, and ample opportunity for
  cultivating one hundred and sixty acres. At the sum-
  mit it varies from a few rods to half a mile in width.
  The mound is composed of lime and sand stone. The
ascent, on the south side, is gradual, but on the north-
west is steep. The soil on the top consists of a black
vegetable mold, of good quality. Fine pure springs
are continually bubbling up in every direction on the
ascending side, which is a mile and a half from the
base to the summit. There is a large smelting estab-
lishment at this mound. The view of the prairies and
openings from this mound is delightfully grand. The
Indian name for it is Mu-cha.ku-nin, or smoky moun-
tain, applied to it on account of its being generally
enveloped in fog or mist. It is composed of the kind
of rock that underlie the mineral region. Mines of
lead are worked near the eastern mound, which af-
fords, in addition to the common sulphuret, or Galena,
another kind, termed "white mineral," supposed to be

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