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The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States
(1880)

Durrie, D. S.
The public domain,   pp. [210]-230 PDF (10.1 MB)


Page 219


THE PUBLIC DOMAIN.
submission to the requisitions of any government which may be set over them,
are their universal
characteristics."
    In reference to grants by the French and English governments, the commissioners
say, they
"have not had access to any public archives by which to ascertain with
positive certainty, whether
either the French or English ever effected a formal extinguishment of the
Indian title at the
mouth of the Wisconsin, which also may be said of the land now covered by
the city of Detroit,
that the French government was not accustomed to hold formal treaties for
such purposes with
the Indians, and when the lands have been actually procured from them, either
by virtue of the
assumed right of conquest, or by purchase, evidence of such acquisition is
rather to be sought in
the traditionary history of the country, or in the casual or scanty relations
of travelers, than
among collections of state papers. Tradition does recognize the fact of the
extinguishment of
the Indian title at Prairie du Chien by the old French government, before
its surrender to the
English; and by the same species of testimony, more positive because more
recent, it is estab-
lished also, that, in the year 1781, Patrick Sinclair, lieutenant governor
of the province of Upper
Canada, while the English government had jurisdiction over this country,
made a formal purchase
from the Indians of the lands comprehending the settlement of Prairie du
Chien."
     The territories and states formed from the section known as the Northwest
territory,
were:
     i The Northwest territory proper (I787-18oo) having jurisdiction over
all the lands referred
to in the ordinance of 1787.  In 1802, Ohio was organized as a state with
its present boun-
daries.
     z. Indiana terrritory was formed July 4, i8oo, with the seat of government
at Vincennes
That territory was made to include all of the northwest, except what afterward
became the state
of Ohio.
    3. Michigan territory was formed June 3o, 1805.  It was bounded on the
south by a line
drawn east from the south bend of Lake Michigan, on the west by the center
of Lake Michigan.
It did not include what is now Wisconsin. The upper peninsula was annexed
in r836.  The
state of Michigan was formed January 26, 1837, with its present boundaries.
     4. Illinois territory was formed March 2, 181o. It included all of the
Indiana territory west
of the Wabash river and Vincennes, and a line running due north to the territorial
line. All of
Wisconsin was included therein, except what lay east of the line drawn north
from Vincennes.
    5. Indiana was admitted as a state April 9, i8i16, including all the
territory of Indiana
territory, except a narrow strip east of the line of Vincennes, and west
of Michigan territory, her
western boundary.
     6. Illinois was admitted as a state April ii, 1818. It included all
of Illinois territory south
of latitude 420 30'. All of Wisconsin was added to Michigan territory. In
the month of Octo-
ber of that year, the counties of Michilimackinac, Brown and Crawford were
formed, comprising
besides other territory, the whole of the present state of Wisconsin.
     7. Iowa district was attached to Michigan for judicial purposes, June
30, 1834, out of which
Des Moines and Dubuque counties were formed.
     8. Wisconsin territory was formed April 20, 1836. The state was formed
May 29, 1848.
     The territory of Wisconsin being a part of the Northwest territory claimed,
and congress by
direct action confirmed to her, all the rights and privileges secured by
the ordinance of 1787,
one of which was that congress should have authority to form one or two states
in that part of
the territory lying north of an east and west line, drawn through the southerly
bend or extreme
of Lake Michigan. Notwithstanding this plain provision of the ordinance,-which
is declared to.
2'19


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