University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The State of Wisconsin Collection

Page View

The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States
(1880)

Durrie, D. S.
The public domain,   pp. [210]-230 PDF (10.1 MB)


Page 215


THE PUBLIC DOMAIN.
the late war, to separate themselves from the rest of their nation. They
gave their assent to the
treaty made at St. Louis in 1804, and promised to remain separate from the
Sacs of Rock river,
and to give them no aid or assistance, until peace should be concluded between
the United
States and the Foxes of Rock river.
     3. On the I4th of September, a treaty was made with the chiefs of the
Fox tribe at the
same place. They agreed that all prisoners in their hands should be delivered
up to the govern-
ment. They assented to, recognized, re-established and confirmed the treaty
of 1804, to the full
extent of their interest in the same.
     4. A treaty was held at St. Louis, May 13, 1816, with the Sacs of Rock
river, who affirmed
the treaty of 1804, and agreed to deliver up all the property stolen or plundered,
and in failure
to do so, to forfeit all title to their annuities. To this treaty, Black
Hawk's name appears with
others. That chief afterward affirmed that though he himself had "touched
the quill " to
this treaty, he knew not what he was signing, and that he was therein deceived
by the agent and
others, who did not correctly explain the nature of the grant; and in reference
to the treaty of
St. Louis in 1804, and at Portage des Sioux in 1815, he said that he did
not consider the same
valid or binding on him or his tribe, inasmuch as by the terms of those treaties,
territory was
described which the Indians never intended to sell, and the treaty of 1804,
particularly, was
made by parties who had neither authority in the nation, nor power to dispose
of its lands.
Whether this was a true statement of the case, or otherwise, it is quite
certain that the grant of
lands referred to was often confirmed by his nation, and was deemed conclusive
and binding by
the government. The latter acted in good faith to the tribes, as well as
to the settlers, in the
disposition of the lands.
     5. A treaty of peace and friendship was made at St. Louis, June 3, 1816,
between the chiefs
and warriors of that part of the Winnebagoes residing on the Wisconsin river.
In this treaty the
tribe state that they have separated themselves from the rest of their nation;
that they, for
themselves and those they represent, confirm to the United States all and
every cession of land
heretofore made by their nation, and every contract and agreement, as far
as their interest
extended.
     6. On the 3oth of March, 1817, the Menomonee tribe concluded a treaty
of peace and
friendship at St. Louis with the United States, and confirmed all and every
cession of land
before made by them within the limits of the United States.
     7. On the 19th of August, 1825, at Prairie du Chien, a treaty was made
with the Sioux,
Chippewas, Sacs and Foxes, Winnebagoes, Ottawas and Pottawattamies, by which
the boundary
between the two first nations was agreed upon; also between the Chippewas,
Winnebagoes and
other tribes.
     8. Another treaty was held August 5, 1826, at Fond du Lac of Lake Superior,
a small
settlement on the St. Louis river, in Itaska county, Minn., with the same
tribes, by which the
previous treaty was confirmed in respect to boundaries, and those of the
Chippewas were defined,
as a portion of the same was not completed at the former treaty.
    9. A treaty was made and concluded August I, 1827, at Butte des Morts,
between the United
States and the Chippewa, Menomonee and Winnebago tribes, in which the boundaries
of their
tribes were defined; no cession of lands was made.
    Io. A treaty was made at Green Bay, August 25, 1828, with the Winnebagoes,
Pottawat-
tamies and other tribes. This treaty was made to remove the difficulties
which had arisen in
consequence of the occupation by white men of that portion of the mining
country in the south-
western part of Wisconsin which had not been ceded to the United States.
A provisional
215


Go up to Top of Page